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VIA GABINA SITE 10: VILLA

Provisional Summary of G10/85 Pottery

July 25, 1985

Pottery Report – G 10/85

There was relatively little pottery excavated in 1985. About 100 pieces have been catalogued this season. Aside from the amphoras in the deposit described in detail below, few of these pieces are of particular interest per se. Again, in terms of the dating of phases of the site, little new information has appeared (as of July 25). An area by area summary of the dating evidence follows, with the more detailed summaries of the datable material in each layer (in no particular order) appended.

By far the most interesting find of the season was the pit AA 22 D (6), with its cache of 13 more or less complete amphoras (P8078-P8090). Nine of the amphoras are versions of Dressel 2-4 (closest to Dressel 2), a very common amphora form in Italy in the first and second centuries A.D. The fabrics of these amphoras are quite varied. The three which are stamped are in a somewhat sandy red orange coarse ware with a smoothed, unslipped surface (P8078-P8080). The other six amphoras are in six differentiable fabrics, all most probably Italian, however; that is, there is no reason to suspect a non-Italian origin.

The three stamped amphoras are a particularly important find (P8078-P8080). All three have rectangular two-line stamps on the upper neck. The stamps are similar in lettering (both form and size) and style (raised letters) to local Roman brick stamps of the first and second century A.D. The stamp readings are:

P8078 Ṛ /ẸLIPOLLI / VANVS

P8079 AMPLIATVS / CL ▿ CLADI ⇩

P8080 " "

A much less complete example of the first stamp ('Vanvs') was found in 1981 in BB 20 South Z (5) (P4103).

The interpretation of these names presents difficulties. So far I have not found them among names of officinatores of the figlina (brick and tile factories), but I have not investigated all of the available material, by any means. If this method does not turn up parallels, there are other prosopographical sources which can also be consulted.

Pottery Report – G10/85

It is important to note that stamps of this type have not, so far as I know, been reported or published before. They certainly have not been studied systematically. Because of their stylistic similarities to typical locally made (Via Sataria, etc.) brick stamps of the Flavian to Antonine period, I think it is practically certain that these stamped amphoras are locally made (the brick stamps refer to the factory production as ' opus doliare' and the factories themselves as ' figlina'; the implication is that they produce vessels as well as bricks and tiles).

Dressel's observations on dating of brick stamp lettering – namely that later (second half 2 A.D.) stamps have square letters with wedge-shaped arms, while earlier (Domitianic to Hadrianic) stamps have taller narrower letters – seem to imply that the two identical stamps of 'Ampliatus' belong to the second half of the second century A.D., while the stamps of 'Vanus' belong to the first half of the second century A.D.

Of the remaining four amphoras, an imitation of Pélichet 47, in a red orange coarse ware which has inclusions very similar to those in the Rome area 'Porta Pia' coarse ware fabric, and with a cream slip on the exterior (no doubt used to

(P8082) imitate the pale buff typical of genuine examples of Pélichet 47), indicates

a date most likely in the early third century A.D. Pélichet 47 is a Gaulish amphora, made in the area of Marseilles, and does not become an important export type until the late second century A.D. Counterfeit copies would not be expected before the type becomes well-known in Italian markets.

A second amphora in red orange coarse ware with cream slip, and also in a broad-shouldered form, although evidently not Pélichet 47, has a painted 'KO' on its shoulder (P8083).

The third of the remaining pieces is a base of Pélichet 47 in a cream green shattered plain ware fabric, possibly genuine but overfired. This amphora has had 5 holes cut by a pick(?) one in the bottom of its base and four around the lower wall. Such a reuse of small coarse ware pots is typical of the late second and early third century A.D. on this site and Site 11.

Pottery Report, G10/85

I have seen similar 'plant pots' both at San Giovanni di Ruoti and at Carthage, again in second century A.D. contexts. This is the first amphora I have seen treated in this way. I am uncertain about the purpose for this treatment of pots (P8086).

The last amphora in this deposit is a very large heavy globular amphora with a slightly pointed rounded base, coarsely made. The identification of this amphora is uncertain (P8089).

Other ceramic material found in this pit includes two rims of African Red Slip coarse ware 197 casserole; wall shards of lid form 196; a good example of the wide-mouthed jar with wide horizontal rim in local 'Porta Pia' coarse ware (G 1 A); three lids in the same coarse ware; wall shards of a pale cream plain ware globular pot with rounded ridges on the wall. All of these pieces are typical of G 10 destruction contexts and indicate, therefore, a date in the first half of the third century A.D.

All the shards in the pit were uniformly covered with grey ashy soil. However, after careful cleaning, first with water and then with a very dilute (c. 5%) solution of hydrochloric acid, none of the shards themselves show signs of burning.

The fact that these amphorae are very broken up, but that unrelated pieces are very few, and that while only three amphoras are complete or nearly so, that there are nevertheless few pieces which do not actually join to form one of the thirteen identifiable amphoras, suggests that thirteen amphoras in the immediately adjacent area were deliberately broken up and shoved in the pit as fill. (It is possible that the pit was made by the robbing-out of a dolium.) It seems very likely to me that all these amphoras had been recently in use at the time of the destruction of the site but were already broken and therefore not worth removing.

The deposit is important because of the number of associated amphoras, their general consistency of date, their good state of preservation, their provenance from a working villa, the certainty of the date of the deposit, and for the stamps, which are possibly unique and certainly of special interest.


Pottery Report, G10/85

Brief Catalogue of AA 22 D (6) amphoras:

P8078 Dressel 2 Stamp Ṛ ÆLIPOLLI / VANVS

P8079 Dressel 2 AMPLIATVS / CL ▵ CLADI ⇩

P8080 Dressel 2 Stamp as P8079.

P8081 Dressel 2 yellow buff, black inclusions.

P8082 imitation of Pélichet 47

P8083 shoulder of globular amphora, dipinto KO

P8084 Dressel 2 hard pink plain ware

near complete) P8085 Dressel 2 dark red gritty coarse ware

P8086 Pélichet 47 cream, 'plant pot' holes in base.

P8087 Dressel 2 red orange coarse ware

P8088 Dressel 2 red orange coarse ware, buff slip.

P8089 unidentified base of globular coarse amphora.

near complete) P8090 Dressel 2 yellow orange coarse ware with grog.


Area by Area Summaries:

AA 16 S (8B) 2nd ½ 2 B.C.

S (7) Repub. c. 200 B.C.

(1) 1/2 A.D., 5+(?) (combing)

S (2) 1/2 A.D.

S (3)

S (4) 1 B.C.(?)

S (5) 2 B.C., 1 B.C., 1 A.D.

X (1) 2/1 B.C.

X (4) 1 B.C.

X (5) 3/2/1 B.C. + 1/2 A.D.(?) (not clear)

X (6) undated c. 200 B.C.

S (6) "

AA 22 | C (2) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

C (3)

* (1) end 2/early 3 A.D.

D (2) end 2 A.D., 1 A.D.

D (3)

D (5) 2 A.D., mixed with Repub. CW, BG, etc.

* D (6) early 3 A.D. (see discussion in intro.)

NB : D (7) end 2/early 3 A.D.(?), lots Republican.

E (1) likely 2 A.D.

E (2)

* W (2) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

D (8) undated

AA 25

(1) 2 A.D.

BB 15

(1) end 2/early 3 A.D. + 1st ½ 1 A.D.

BB 17

(1) late 2/early 3 A.D. + 1 A.D.

F 153 (6) undated.

AC (2) late 2/early 3 A.D., 2 A.D., 1 A.D.

AC (3) late 2/early 3 A.D.

AC (4) " ;1 B.C.

D (1)

D (2) 1/2 A.D.

D (3) coin of Antoninus Pius. 2 B.C., 1st ½ 1 A.D. + 2nd ½ 2 A.D.

E (2)

F (2) end 2/early 3 A.D.

S (1) mid 2 B.C.

S (2) 5-7 A.D. (Forum ware); 1 A.D., 1 B.C.

G10/85 Pottery Report

BB 17, cont.

S (3)

3/2/1 B.B.

S (4)

U (2) end 2/early 3 A.D. + 1 A.D., 1 B.C.

U (5) late 1 B.C.

U (6) 4/3 B.C. + 1/2 A.D.(?)

X (3) late 2/early 3 A.D. + 1 A.D.

X (4) end 2 A.D., 1 A.D.

Y (3) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

Y (5) end 1 B.C., 3/2 B.C.

Y (6) end 1 B.C.

Y (4) mid 1 A.D.

BB 18

E (8) 2 A.D.(?); 1 A.D.

E (11) end 1 B.C.

* (1) 5-8 (Forum ware); late 2/early 3 A.D., 1st ½ 1 A.D.

AC (2) late 2/early 3 A.D.

AC (3) early 3 A.D. + 1st ½ 1/2 A.D.

AC (5)

AC (6) Augustan or 1st ½ 1 A.D.

AC (8) 2nd ½ 1 B.C. (Augustan)

AC (8) F100 1 A.D. (?)

E (2) late 2/early 3 A.D.

E (3) "

E (4) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

E (5) end 2 A.D./early 3 A.D.; Hellenistic.

(2) F140 mid 1 A.D.

P (6) 1st ½ 2 B.C., mid 1 A.D. (Claudian)?

T (2) 1 A.D.

T (4) 1/2 A.D.

T (5) mid 1 A.D.

T (6) coin of Claudius, 41 A.D. 1st ½ 1 A.D., some 2/1 B.C.

AC (11) mid 1 A.D.; 3/2 B.C., Augustan.

AC (12) c. 200 B.C.

AC (13) 4/3 B.C.

BB 19

F (2) undated

BB 24

(1) mid 1 A.D.

CC 15

C (1) end 2/early 3 A.D., 1 A.D.

*C (3) late 2/early 3 A.D. – N.B. WRONG DESIGNATION GIVEN TO POTTERY

C (4) Augustan

C (7) mid 1 B.C.

G10/85 Pottery Report, cont.

CC 16 | W (4) 2/1 B.C. (same pcs in (11))

(1) late 2/ early 3 A.D. Augustan, 3/2 B.C.

D (1)

V (1)

V (5b) generally 1 A.D. + dish, probably 3/2 B.C.

* V (7) 3, 2, 1 B.C.

V (9) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

V (10) 2/1 B.C.

V (11) 1 B.C.(?)

W (5) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

W (8) Augustan; l ate 2/early 3 A.D. coin of Trajan 104-111.

W (7) 2/1 B.C.

W (11) Augustan+, 2/1 B.C. (same pcs in (4)).

CC 17

(1)

F (1) late 2/early 3 A.D. + Repub. 2/1 B.C.

CC 24

(1) 1/2 A.D.

DD 15

(1) end 2 A.D.

C (1) end 2 A.D./1 A.D.

K (1) 1/2 A.D.

K (2) end 2 A.D.

K (3) F133 end 2/early 3 A.D. + 1/2 A.D.

K (4) 1 A.D.

K (5) late 2/early 3 A.D., 1 A.D.

* K (6) end 2 A.D., lots of 1 A.D.

K (7) Augustan, 2/1 B.C.

DD 16

D (1) undated

DD 17

(1) end 2 A.D.

G10/85 Pottery Report

EE 16

K (1) late 2/early 3 A.D.

K (6) undated, perhaps 2 A.D.

(6) Augustan, end 2/early 3 A.D., early 2 A.D.

(7) end 2/early 3 A.D., Augustan, 3 B.C.

EE 24

(1) 1st ½ 1 A.D., end 2/early 3 A.D.

(2) late 1 B.C.

EE 27

(1) 5 A.D.+ (combing), 1 A.D.

U 20

E (1) undated

W 15

A (1) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

W 20

(1) end 2/early 3 A.D.

X 16

Y (1) end 2/early 3 A.D.

X 21

(1) 2 A.D., modern/medieval?

(2) F142 4 A.D. (stick combing), mid 1 A.D.

(3) F142 undated

L (3) undated

S (2) late 2/early 3 A.D., 1st ½ 1 A.D.; 2/1 B.C.

Q (2) undated

| U (2) 1st ½ 1 A.D./mid 1 A.D.

F179 (2) 1/2 A.D.

| F180 (2) mid 1 A.D.

G10/85 Pottery Report

X 23

(1) end 2/early 3 A.D., mid 1 A.D.(?)

A (1) late 2/early 3 A.D.

B (2) end 2/early 3 A.D.

B (3) undated

B (4) end 2/early 3 A.D.; 2/1 B.C.

N (2) 2 A.D. + Augustan

P (2) 1/2 A.D.

P (5) 196

P (6) end 2/early 3 by ARS 196 (check)

F127 (2) late 2/early 3 A.D. + Hellenistic

P F127 (2) 196

Y 23

(1) end 2 A.D., early 3 A.D.

P (2) end 2 A.D./early 3 A.D.; 1 B.C.

Augustan, 2 B.C.

G (1) late 2/early 3 A.D.

| Dates earlier than destruction; pottery suggests area may have significance as a datable context.


July 10, 85

VG 1985 Pots

CC 16 V (5b) Campana A pedestal dish

CC PW

ITS(?) strap handle, or TW red slip

red fabric jug with smoke brown/black slip.

1/2 A.D., nothing specifically of 2 A.D. makes 2 A.D. highly unlikely.

AA 16 S (2)

buff TW PW ws

1/2 A.D., can't be dated more closely.

AA 22 W (2)

PP COU 4 lids (rs) & carinated ws.

pale buff PW ring base & small bowl with inturned rim.

metallic glaze TW; beaker, ws

ITS base chip.

orange PW with dk red pigment in early lamp, met. glaze.

orange PW pad base with red brown metallic glaze ex.

→ ESB ws.

TW, orange glaze, sharp barbotine.

1st ½ 1 A.D.+, nothing to suggest 2 A.D.

BB 18 T (6)

Ca A large BG ws.

Dr 1 amphora handle.

orange PW ws; buff PW undercut pad base of closed pot & strap handle.

roughcast metallic glaze TW ws.

base with broken off peg foot.

2 CW ckg pot rims, 1 bead rim, 1 carinated.

→ late date (certain date) 1st ½ 1 A.D.

½ evidence is Republican, nothing later than 1st ½ 1 A.D.

G10/85

AA 22 D (2)

ARS 9A & base & ws

ARS 196 (2x)

Pél 47 chip.

Dr. 2/4 bead rim.

'star handle' amphora

PP CW: beaker with bead rim, T-arrow lid;

ITS chips

buff pw pot with hi vertical rim,

CC PW base, ws, r of (?)

orange CW with tiny black grits.

end 2 A.D. + 1 A.D. stuff

BB 17 D (3)

Repub TW chip.

Ca. A BG chip.

buff PW rolled handle.

orange CW amphora handle

late certain date with 150 B.C. (1st ½ 2 B.C.).but buff PW rolled handle may be later; ITS in other bag = 1st ½ 1 A.D.

July 10, 85

G10/85

BB 18 E (2)

early 3 CC carinated bowl with Δ rim.

late 2/

early 3 ARS wss Form 27? base shard.

ARS 196 2 rim & b. and 183(?) carinated ws (2x).

1/2 pale buff PW undercut pad base, strap handle, ws.

1/2 red CC PW

sleek burnished buff lamp shoulder?

orange CW, mottled black/red/orange glaze, rounded ridges on wall.

micac. orange CW base, buff slip ex.

Late certain date is late 2/early 3 A.D.

AA 25 (1)

ARS 196, not black top.

2 A.D.

AA 22 E (1)

elegant gloss quality on Vesuvian PR base.

amphora neck, fabric as Pél 47, ID uncertain.

CC TW

wet-smoothed orange CW, possible tiny lid rim.

not earlier than Augustan, possible late 2 A.D.

BB 18 (1)

Forum ware jug rim, with broken-off warts.

ARS 14/16 and suitable base

ARS 196, 23B, 197.

ITS Augustan chip.

CC PW

brown thin bands and cross lines on neck of buff painted jug

possible Africano Grande heavy solid amphora toe (orange).

Dr. 2/4 rolled handle.

PP orange CW, Gl broken rim, glob. pot with sl. flared rim.

Possible Turk. micac. amphora ws.

misc. worn amphora handles, unid.

brick fabric bead rim basin.

Dates: [7], late 2, 1st ½ 1 A.D.

CC 16 D (1)

BG Campana A platter base & small cup base.

* ITS Haltern 2, fairly late, but low vertical rim.

buff PW with fl. rim.

* orange buff CW with bead rim

PP CW with horiz. rim.

* orange CW (PP) glob. pot with banded rim.

mixed, latest certain pce 1st ½ 1 A.D., layer list incls. ARS 197

General clean-up

ESB2, form prob. c. end 1, early 2 A.D.

BB 18 F140 (2)

CC TW G 36 pocula.

metallic orange glaze on pale buff PW, TW base form.

pale buff PW ring base of closed pot.

Repub. CW with flat gold mica. dk. brown black with sl. fl. vertical rim.

Late certain date mid 1 A.D., nothing later.

BB 17 F (2)

ARS CW 23 base, eleg. pce.

metallic glaze TW ws.

CC buff PW, good glaze, closed form.

PP CW lid r (with asymm. knob)

orange PW strap handle

* eleg. wide rim of pale buff PW basin, round under rim.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

G 10/85 (1) ARS 197 (late 2/early 3).

BB 18 AC (2) buff PW hi pad base.

CC PW shard of large carinated bowl.

buff PW rim

CC PW; metallic glaze TW

Dr. 1 handle(?)

1 shard from late 2/ early 3 A.D. + 2 A.D., 1 A.D.

CC 16 V (9)

pale buff PW jug with rolled rim.

metallic glaze TW; 1 beaker with fl. rim.

CC PW, metallic glaze in.

1st ½ 1 A.D., nothing certainly later.

BB 15 (1)

ARS 23 B.

metallic glaze TW shard.

pale buff PW, worn black crackled glaze. (?)

end 2/early 3 A.D. = 1st ½ 1 A.D.

BB 18 T (5)

metallic glaze orange PW ws.

orange CW – PP lid.

late certain date mid 1 A.D., no later evidence.

BB 17 AC (2)

CC PW large rouletted carinated bowl

ARS 197

CC PW TW

late 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 17 AC (3)

* CC PW large rouletted carinated bowl + 1

more pale buff PW.

ARS FW (2 A.D.).

CC PW

Ca. B BG (poor quality, perhaps 1 B.C.)

late 2, e arly 3 A.D.

BB 17 (1) ARS 196 (3x), 197, casserole with squared lateral handle.

* ITS chips

lower wall of eleg. unguentarium, metallic glaze.

G10/85 July 10, 85

BB 17 (1)

TW and CC PW.

hard red brown PW/CW (2r. 1 h).

COU, PP type

late 2/early 3 A.D. + 1 A.D.

BB 17 D (2) small Dr. 2/4 amphora

small buff PW pad base.

1/2 A.D., can't be dated more closely.

BB 19 F (2) orange CW amphora with broad shoulder

rolled handle, undated.

CC 17 F (1) ARS 196.

Sutri CW form with bead rim, c. 1 B.C.

Repub. unglazed TW 2/1 B.C.

Other TW; 1 A.D.?

late 2/early 3 A.D. + Augustan & earlier.

BB 18 T (2)

rouletted orange matte TW, carinated wall.

orange CW (PP) beaker (r. & base)

1 A.D., can't be dated more closely

BB 18 P (6) * Megarian bowl.

2 B.C. (1st ½).

BB 17 E (3)

CC PW rouletted carinated bowl (ws)

tiny pale buff PW jug rim.

late 2/e arly 3 A.D.

CC 24 (1)

* heavy PP COU Gl A wide rim wm jar.

smoothed orange CW pot rim

1/2 A/D., can't be dated more closely

BB 18 T (4) pale buff PW bulb rim jug.

orange PW; buff slip, streak of black paint.

PP CW black ex, carinated rim.

1/2 A.D., can't be dated more closely.

AA 16 (1)

COU PP lid rim (asymm. type).

1/ 2 A.D. (see (2)).

BB 17 D (2) splintered TW PW.

1 A.D.

BB 24 (1) ITS base ring, poor quality slip ex.

mid 1 A.D.

BB 17 S (2)

Forum ware tiny shard.

Repub. unglazed TW & pocula.

'7' A.D., 1 A.D., 1 B.C.


G10/85, cont. July 11, '85

AA 22 (1)

Pél 47 amphora rim, handle, 2 wss.

Dr. 2/4 amphora (3 = 1 + 1). Campanian fabric?

ARS FW – Severan 14/16; 9 A, 6.

ARS CW – 197, 196, 23

COU, PP type. 3xx GlA wm jar with wide hooked horiz. rim; lid with asymm. knob

ITS G 43 & other chips.

TW of all sorts, metallic glaze etc., 1 with large pignola dec.

pale buff PW.

BG Ca. A. chip.

CC PW

N.A. amphora(?) rim

misc. amphorae incl. Dr. 1 Campanian handle.

Late date end 2/early 3 A.D.

Range of material from 1/2 A.D. most common.

BB 17 X (3)

ESB bowl rim 1 A.D.

pale buff PW bowl/jug rim.

CC PW

orange wet smoothed CW lid(?)

PP COU lid (with asym. knob).

some time in 1 A.D.; ESB form crucial.

→ (ARS 197 shard discarded) ∴ late 2/early 3 A.D.

ID may be wrong

BB 17 D (3)

ITS frag, likely mid 1 A.D.; see (2)

BB 18 AC (2)

heavy ring base of CC PW carinated bowl.

ARS CW 23 B, burned black & lime encrusted mottled brown glaze TW.

late 2, early 3 A.D.

BB 17 AC (4)

ARS CW 196 base.

buff PW large pad base of glob. pot.

conventional late 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 17 AC (2)

another ws of heavy CC PW carinated bowl, rouletted wall.

ARS FW 6.

CC TW PW.

late 2/ea rly 3 A.D.; 2 A.D., 1 A.D.

AA 16 (1)

ARS FW 3C

[?!] orange buff PW with discontinuous combing.

5(?); 2 A.D.

BB 17 Y (3) PP CW lid with asymm. knob; rolled handle.

Repub? TW CW, red with black matte in & ex.

metallic red brown glaze beaker

1 A.D., possibly 1st ½, can't be dated more closely.

VG10/85, cont. July 11, 85

X 23 Feature 127 (2)

BG – 2 shards, date uncertain (4, 3, 2 B.C.)

ARS CW 196

COU, PP type, lid with flat band on upper edge.

TW orange CW beaker.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

DD 15 K (1)

pale buff strap handle.

orange wet-smoothed CW jug rim.

1/2 A.D.

X 23 P (2)

burnt NA red amphora.

GlA wide rim, gold flakes Susan sees graffito VIII

on amphora.

pale buff TW

dull red/buff PW, pale buff smooth slip.

1/2 A.D.

DD 15 C (1)

ARS 196, fabric has yellowish tinge.

TW beaker, dk grey brown metallic glaze.

end 2 A.D., 1 A.D.

DD 15 (1) ARS FW 9 A; 10(?)

ARS CW base r elated to 23

TW red and orange slip.

buff s mooth slip, orange PW.

PP CW, wm jar with wide rim.

2 A.D.

X 21 Feature 142 (2)

Smoothed orange CW shoulder with stick-drawn wavy line, flat ridge with deliberate knife dents, probably 4 A.D. (5+ possible).

ITS chip, looks 1 A.D.

Republican TW unglazed

orange heavy smoothed PW wall shards

metallic glaze TW with lump.

4 A.D. + mid 1 A.D.

DD 15 K (3) Feature 133

ARS FW 14/16 and 8 B.

BG chips 3/2 B.C.

Repub. unglazed TS ws

metallic glaze reduced TW

CC PW

COU – PP type, 2 lids, 1 COU pot.

orange CW, wet-smoothed pot rim

pale buff, CC jug rim.

dull red amphora, buff slip ex.

end 2/early 3 A.D. + 1/2 A.D.

X 23 B (2) ARS FW ws (tsc A), (as tsc C)

ARS CW orange mini 197, 196, inner ridged wss.

roughcast metallic glaze TW (in & ex).

worn PP COU lid rim.

end 2/early 3 A.D.

VG10/85 cont. July 11, 85

? Y 23 (1) DD 16 D (1) undated

? DD 15 K (6) ? AA 16 S (3)

? DD 15 K (7)

X 21 (1) a real problem: wm pot with GlA type rim; pie crust incised dec in zone around wall. Fabric has common flat gold mica.

ARS FW with 8/9 type base.

Repub. TW with rouletting.

Wet-smoothed orange CW pocula with bead rim, carinated below rim.

2 A.D.

EE 24 (1) ITS rim.

PR rim, plain TW.

Repub. TW, unglazed

early banded COU pot, G 4 type.

poor quality BG lid rim or horiz. rim on bowl?

NA. amphora orange with grey core.

smoothed fine orange PW, pots like beakers.

Dr. 1 amphora handle.

1st ½ 1 A.D.

DD 15 K (4)

matte mottled red/black CC TW

1 A.D. (DD 15 K (5) is late 2/early 3 A.D.)

X 23 P (6) ARS CW 196, no black top.

PP COU wet-smoothed CW, red brown with smoke grey rim

PP lid, prob. with asymm knob.

end 2/early 3 is conventional date, earlier possible.

X 23 P (5) ARS 196.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

W 15 A (1)

mottled brown black matte TW pot.

pale buff TW

1st ½ 1 A.D.

X 21 (1) Pélichet 47 amphora.

2 cut 'amphora stopper' rounds, 1 with red paint.

Dr. 2/4 amphora handle.

ARS CW 196, 23, 197

ARS FW 14/16 (deep).

ITS poorly made deep bowl + small hemisph. cup.

Ca A base with central rosette (3 B.C.)

BG incl. 27 C

roughcast TW, orange glaze.

buff PW.

PP COU, varied.

Republ. CW G 4 & COU with buff slip on top of rim.

* amphora with fl. banded rim, prob. Republ.

CC TW, small string-cut pad base.

end 2/early 3 A.D.; mid 1 A.D.; end 3 B.C.

DD 15 K (2) ARS 27

ARS 196

CC PW

end 2/early 3 A.D.

G10/85 cont. July 11, 85

EE 24 (1)

met. glaze pocula with rough-cast & barbotine dec.

smoothed hard lt orange PW base with groove cut under.

PP COU lid (?)

1st ½ 1 A.D.

X 23 (1) more shards of Gl A pot from X 21 (1)

possible(?) Forum ware shard, or just vitrified PW;

another handle bit, quite green with grey core.

ARS CW 197, 196 base, 23

ARS FW 8 B

Turk micac. amphora.

ITS incl. bowl with low flange.

TW, incl. roughcast metallic & unglazed Repub.

4 diverse wss BG.

CC PW.

Late date end 2/early 3 A.D.

DD 17 (1) Pelichet 47 amphora handle

3 misc. amphora handles!

glob. pot with banded vertical rim.

CC PW pot base.

end 2 A.D.

DD 15 K (5)

ARS CW 196 & 197

metallic glaze TW.

PP CW, Gl ws & lid with asym. knob.

micaceous yellow buff ws, red orange chipping slip.

dk. red TW CW, matte dk grey gritty slip ex.

LG, turquoise/mint ex, yellow mottled with light brown in.

another shard of LG mottled green both sides.

late 2/early 3 A.D. + 1 A.D.

EE 16 K (1) ARS 196, 197

CC TW.

ITS with red fabric, red slip.

pale buff CW

worn buff pad bases, quite large.

These pots are unfamiliar-looking.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

X 16 Y (1) ARS 197

yellow brown CW string cut lid knob.

end 2/early 3 A.D.

U 20 E (1) flat bulb yellow pw jug rim.

EE 24 (2) ITS cup of Haltern date?

TW Repub. unglazed

→ late 1 B.C.

G10/85 July 11, 85

W 20 (1) ARS 196, 23?

met. black glaze on red PW, date uncertain

end 2/early 3 A.D.

EE 27 (1) combing on yellow buff PW.

metallic yellow brown glaze in on yellow buff PW, crackled black glaze ex on yellow buff ws

red orange hard buff PW bead r. glob. pot, light orange slip.

5 A.D., 1 A.D.

X 23 A (1) ARS CW 196, not black-top.

COU, PP type, lid

pale yellow buff horiz. rim.

conventional date late 2/early 3 A.D.

X 23 B (4) ARS 196, 197, 23 B

CC PW

Black glaze ws from open bowl, fairly large.

hard red glaze ex on orange PW, dk grey

metallic glaze in.

end 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 18 T (6) chunk of broken dolium rim.


July 15, 1985

CC 16 V (10) Dr. 1 amphora rim

CC 16 V (7) Buff slip over rim and in of odd CW bowl form with banded rim:

early Republican (3/2 B.C.).

ridged strap handle of Repub. unglazed TW form (when do handles appear?)

Reduced BG bowl with ring base, micaceous fabric, form Hellenistic, micaceous fabric Eastern.

Red/brown/black mottled slip on bowl with flared wall, most likely 1 B.C. Repub.

Glob. pot in fine version of PP CW, rolled rim.

All pcs problematic: 1 B.C. most likely date of deposit.

DD 15 K (7) Haltern 12 with rosette (rim & base).

heavy mortarium in brick fabric.

Dr. 1 amphora rim.

Unusual ITS form with wide rim.

Repub. unglazed TW wss.

buff & orange buff compact pw jugs.

(bores + rims).

Augustan most likely date of deposit.


July 12, 1985

G10/85 layers, cont.

BB 17 X (3) buff TW with buff brown metallic glaze.

1 A.D.

BB 17 D (3) ARS 196

PP COU with simple horiz. rim.

BG with stamp

late 2/early 3 A.D. + 3/2 B.C.

BB 18 P (6) ITS G 43

small ITS cup with narrow horiz. rim.

small met glaze brown black TW beaker

metallic dk grey rouletted TW black reduced ws.

pale red orange PW with pale buff slip.

mid 1 A.D.

Y 23 (1) likely Pél 47 amphora handle.

more of amphora from AA 22 (1)

PP CW rim, handle base.

ARS 14/16.

large G 4 rim.

* light orange CW jug with rolled bead rim.

end 2 A.D.

X 23 B (4) ARS 196

red orange CC PW closed form.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

CC 16 V (10) Dr. 1 amphora rim with both mortar & lime accrets, in acid bath.

2/1 B.C.

X 21 (1) pale buff PW jug of type with horiz. r., sloping wall.

1/2 A.D.

X 21 Feature 142 layer (3)

undatable orange CW shard & r.

X 21 Feature 142 (2)

sandy red orange amphora shard, grey brown ex.

undatable.


July 15, 1985

X 21 S (2) ARS CW 196.

Repub. unglazed TW handle.

compact hard red orange amphora shard, shaped to a round.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 18 AC (3) ARS 196, 197; base rel. to 23

ARS 14/16; plain lid also in tsc A.

large carinated bowl, rouletted wall (wss).

pale buff PW pcs of typical jug with horiz. rim.

TW CC base of open pocula & rim as G 36 which may belong with it.

early 3 A.D.

CC 16 V (11) PW overfired to greenish vitreous bubbly glaze ex, not datable.

buff PW 1/2 A.D. of typical jug.

heavy 'brick fabric' amphora lower wall above solid toe

possible Dr 1 amphora handle.

Could be 1 B.C.

CC 16 V (5b) Dr 20 amphora rim (date?)

ws with vertical streak of red paint, 2 diagonal streaks of black, sl. carination on wall (complete mystery to me).

brownish BG on dk red brown fabric of glob. bowl.

Dr 20 gives me problems: must check out cp.

Y 23 (1) Gl A rim.

ARS 197

ESB1? base.

X 21 (1) gross small mouthed glob. pot with flared back neck, sq. rim, does not look Roman.

BB 17 (6) Feature 153

pale buff CW pale yellow buff wet-smoothed ex, handle spring mid neck, jug with banded bead rim.

undated.

X 21 (3) Feature 142

PP COU fabric, form uncertain, date uncertain.

BB 17 Y (5) BG shard, base of open bowl, prob. 3/2 B.C.

PP COU ckg pot with restricted flat base.

orange PW strap handle of jug.

buff PW flat pad base

shard as dark red BG, fairly coarse orange fabric.

Date may be B.C., but probably close to Augustan, if so.


July 18, 1985

CC 16 W (5) ITS late Haltern 12

unguentarium neck, brown matte glaze in.

rough cast brown black slip. TW ws

S-curve PP CW lid rim.

1st ½ 1 A.D.

CC 15 C (3) ARS tsc A ws, carinated

ITS ws.

ARS 196 rim.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

Y 23 (1) ARS 196 (4x)

ARS 14/16 (r & b).

Gl A PP CW

Dr. 2/4 handles

Pél 47 handle chip.

ITS chip

end 2/early 3 A.D.

AA 22 D (7) ARS 196 chip (P8059 amphora)

BB 18 E (5) ARS 183 with wedge-shaped rim.

Gl A pot ws.

'Repub' unglazed TW.

pale yellow buff PW rim & handle of sack shaped jug with horiz. rim

1/ 2 A.D.


July 16, 1985

EE 24 (1) ARS CW 23 B, 197, ARS FW 27(?)

very worn & discoloured amphora handles,

ITS G 43

PW/CW pale buff basin with rounded rim top RD. 32.0

end 2/early 3 A.D. (+ mid 1 A.D.)

DD 15 K (6) Pélichet 47 amphora handle.

Dr. 2-4 amphora handle (+ mini handle).

Shaped amphora stopper.

Lots of ITS chips incl. base with [init]? IPP stamp.

Hayes Corinth form cup.

Vesuvius fabric PR with narrow horiz. rim.

Lots of TW, metallic glaze poculae

BG incl. brown chips 3, 2, 1 B.C.

Extr. micaceous fabric, not Turkish micac. amphora

PP CW; wrn jar (Gl); sloping jar (Sutri).

Orange PW jug with rim Δ in (2 versions in same tr: 2 rims; 2 handles; 2 bases).

Uncertain type red orange amphora with cream streaks down body.

CC (dk brown black) PW jug rim

Green cream porous heavy brick fabric basin with rolled rim, handle spring.

Late date end 2 A.D. (Pél 47), but fine ware is mostly from 1 A.D.

BB 18 P (6) ITS Aug. plaster base.

ITS G 43 rims (2x)

glazed & metallic glaze TW.

TW base with pale blue pigment in.

TW base, metallic glaze, completely reduced, rouletting on upper wall.

PP CW lid & beaker rim.

Claudian by metallic glaze TW (& G 43)

BB 17 U (2) Pélichet 47 amphora.

lovely TW matte dk brown black glaze on small pot with vertical neck, glob. body, Δ rim, strap handle.

neck of amphora with long thin neck, spring of strap handle, red orange CW PP fabric.

ARS 197; 2 A.D. FW base.

PP lid with asymm. lid, jar with wide horiz. rim.

dull orange PW hard fine ws with strap handle spring & base.

Repub TW unglazed.

thin Repub banded rim.

Ca B BG bowl with flared rim (1 B.C.)

Late date end 2/early 3 A.D. + 1 B.C./1 A.D.

BB 17 U (5) ITS chip, July 17, 1985

Repub. TW chips, unglazed.

Grey green thin black glaze on buff grainy CW/PW.

→ Not earlier than Augustan (late 1 B.C.)

Y 23 (1) ARS FW 8/9 base.

ARS 196, 197.

Dr. 2/4 amphora handle.

bowl with fabric as Pompeian red ware (Vesuvian type), no dk red gloss.

→ end 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 17 U (6) elegant early unguentarium, black glaze in, flared base.

rolled PP CW handle.

unguentarium 4/ 3 B.C.; PP CW 1/2 A.D.

AA 22 D (6) copy of Dressel 2/4 amphora.

1/2 A.D.

X 21 S (2) again. ARS 196

pale buff PW typical sack jug with horiz. rim

amphora toe (Dr. 2/4?)

now 2 shaped amphora stoppers.

G 10/85 (1) surface Walt find.

PP CW glob pot with vertical neck, small Δ rim.

BB 18 P (6) BG La. 27

PP CW pot with sloping wall.

pale buff PW jug with inturned Δ rim.

TW with fat pignola dec ex, metallic glaze in

end 3 B.C.; 1/2 A.D.

BB 17 Y (5) BG shard from base of bowl. 2 B.C.?

PP CW pot with upper wall convex.

Repub. unglazed TW.

Dr. 2/4 amphora handle (pce of 1 roll).

I need more evidence; cd be Repub.

BB 18 AC (3) early 3 A.D. carinated bowl; more of P8002; likely base for P8001 (BB 17 AC (3)); smaller version of P8001 & P8002

Hayes 8 B.

ARS 196; 197

WU basin with horiz. rim, rolled handle applied laterally in double curve.

misc. TW incl. metallic glaze

pale buff PW/CW lid(?) rim.

curved handle amphora as a Pél 47 handle

This layer dates end 2/e arly 3 A.D.: note the concentration of rather good TW among the datable evidence.


July 22, 1985

G10/85

AA 16 X (1) BG of 2/1 B.B.; unid. amphora handle.

CC 15 C (3) unid. CW.

CC 15 C (4) eleg. ITS ws. ( Augustan)

AA 16 X (5) Repub. unglazed TW, BG and unguentarium

wall of 2/1 B.C.

Y 23 (1) ARS tsc A wss; PP CW; pale buff PW; Repub. unglazed TW, tiny smoothed hollow ∇ amphora

2 A.D.

BB 18 E (4) roughcast metallic glaze TW; eleg. ITS WS, PP CW.

1st ½ 1 A.D.

EE 16 K (6) lt. orange smoothed PW; problematic smoothed lid rim with similarities to ARS CW, 196/182.

BB 17 Y (6) ITS rim which resembles ARS 67 (!); eleg. orange PW base ring pot; highly micaceous brown WSS, neck of tiny TW unguentarium.

check ITS (?) form; probably end 1 B.C.

BB 17 S (1) BG oxidized to red, vestigial stamps in base

likely mid 2 B.C.

X 23 B (4) ARS 181(?); CC pale buff PW.

end 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 18 AC (8) very eleg. smoothed & rouletted orange brown TW PW; PP CW ws; Repub. unglazed TW ws.

Probably 2nd ½ 1 B.C.

BB 18 P (6) Looks like ARS CW 196, but color & form are a bit unusual.

? Not enuf evidence to go for 2 A.D.

CC 16 W (8) red BG badly shattered bowl with ring base; likely ITS chip; PP CW wide mouth glob pot, lid offset rounded sq. rim.

Augustan(?)

EE 16 (6) ITS chips; BG closed form; pale buff PW pot/jug with flared rim, offset in rim top

not earlier than Augustan.

BB 17 S (4) & (3) Brown CW rim with long black shiny crystals incls., probably a Repub. fabric.

3/2/1 B.C.

X 23 N (2) PR Vesuvius fabric base; ARS Form 7(?); reduced BG clip; thin- walled nd matte ws.

→ 2 A.D.

AA 22 D (6) PP CW and Red orange amphora wall cut to form stopper round. (see next collection).

late 2/early 3 A.D.

Y 23 (1) ARS 197, 196 (2x), ARS tsc A WS; PP CW lid rim; small red orange CW amphora toe?

end 2/early 3 A.D.

X 21 S (2) BG lid rim, Ca C. fabric, form?

roughcast grey orange TW.

1st ½ 1 A.D. & 2/1 B.C.

CC 16 V (7) BG base of doubtful buff orange fabric, grey BG (Pno)

3/ 2 B.C. most likely.

BB 17 X (4) mini 197; sharp angled PR CW lid rim; CC TW with sl. metallic interior.

2 A.D., most likely end 2.

BB 18 A C (3) CC TW with folded back rim (G 36); unid. CW

not earlier than 1 A.D.

CC 15 C (1) 'Topsoil wear' on ARS 23 & 197; pale buff PW basin rim, unid. red amphora handle.

end 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 18 A C (5) ITS chips (wss); red slip TW; Pompeian red slip chip; PP CW strap handle; heavy handle as ridge back Dr 1; unid CW.

1st ½ 1 A.D.

Y 23 (1) Dr. 2/4 handle in soft orange PW with shell incls; PP CW rim chip; smoothed TW PW sack shape jug r;

nothing later (necessarily) than 1 A.D.

AA 22 D (5) large PP CW Gl A with grad. ridged rim; African amphora rim of unusual type; ARS FW 2 A.D. base; ARS 196; 3 B.C. BG rim

(Gnathian) with white paint line below rim in; ITS chip; CC TW base (red); pale

buff PW ring base, prob. of sack jug; v ery smooth PW, prob. Hellenistic

very mixed; late date 2 A.D.


July 24, 1985

G10/85

AA 16 X (5) G 4 PP CW rim; CC PW fairly heavy handle chip; worn Brown CW (possibly Repub? fabric) lid with curved rim.

Not clearly dated: G 4 is c. 3/2 B.C., but CC PW suggests 1/2 A.D.

BB 18 E (5) PP CW lid with T-arrow rim.

1 B.C.?? (1 shard is not enuf. evidence).

BB 18 A C (8) F 100 ITS base from tiny bowl; shard which may be related to Megarian bowls? or Popilius beakers.

BB 18 A C (6) ITS base, quite shattered, possible trace of edge of stamp, form not certain, p ossibly G 43; PP CW in beaker & lid shapes.

1st ½ 1 A.D., possibly sl. earlier (Augustan).

X 23 B (4) Rep. TW, red brown, ws; porous cream green gritty PW, not a common fabric in 1/2 A.D.

Possibly 2/1 B.C.


Layers not processed: July 25, 85

Y 23 P (2) Pelichet 47 form amphora

end 2 A.D./early 3 A.D.

X 21 F 179 (2) PP CW off round lid

1/2 A.D.

BB 18 E (5) BG 3/2 B.C., PP CW Gl A, ARS, form uncertain.

2 A.D., Hellenistic.

AA 22 D (8) undated CW

Y 23 P (2) no pots.

AA 16 S (7) undated CW, likely Repub.

CC 15 C (7) Repub. BG and CW, ITS Haltern 1.

mid 1 B.C.

Y 23 P (2) Dressel 2/4 amphora, ARS fat 196, ARS FW 2 A.D. base, 14/16 rim; 1 B.C. 'brown glaze' ws.

end 2/early 3 A.D. + 1 B.C.

BB 18 A C (8) F100 TW CW possibly 1 A.D.

CC 16 W (4) PW base, undated.

AA 16 X (6) BG Ca. A chips, undated coarse & plain ware.

c. 200 B.C.

X 23 N (2) Aug. ITS ws, other stuff in agreement except '196' wall.

probably Augustan.

BB 18 A C (11) ITS wss, PP CW, very smooth Repub. TW.

probably Augustan.

EE 16 (7) ARS CW 181, 192 (casserole).

Lots of ITS chips.

BG Campana A.

PR

metallic glaze TW.

end 2/early 3 A.D., Augustan, 3 B.C.

CC 16 W (7) Dressel 1 amphora.

2/1 B.C.

BB 18 A C (13) Super Campana A dish with wide flared rim, ea rly Repub. CW black lid with cream slip.

4/ 3 B.C.

BB 18 A C (11) ITS chips, large eleg. pignola dec metallic glaze TW, BG Ca. A ws; TW PW.

Augustan/mid 1 A.D., 3/2 B.C.

BB 18 A C (12) Repub. lid as in (13); BG 27 B; smoothed TW PW (Republican).

c. 200 B.C.

CC 16 W (8) ARS 8 A; 197 base shards

late 2/early 3 A.D.

AA 16 S (4) Repub. TW

1 B.C.?

X 21 U (2) undated CW.

Y 23 G (1) ARS CW 197 ws.

late 2/early 3 A.D.

AA 16 S (7) BG pet est stamp.

c. 200 B.C.

Layers not processed: July 25, 85

AA 16 X (6) undated CW

BB 18 E (8) ITS chips; 2 pcs of thick CC PW

suggest 2 A.D. to me.

CC 16 W (11) ITS chips, 'Ca. A' BG ws; smoothed buff TW (Repub).

→ CC 16 W (4) smoothed Repub. TW, tiny orange CW bowl

?2/1 B.C.?

Y 23 (1) ARS CW 197, FW base of 2 A.D.

end 2/early 3 A.D.

CC 16 W (5) eleg. red slip thin pignola TW.

Augustan

BB 17 X (4) PP CW lid (asymm. knob type); orange CW bowl, red slip in.

1 A.D.?

BB 17 A C (4) 'brown glaze'

1 B.C.

→ CC 16 W (11) smoothed Repub. TW, tiny orange CW bowl (Repub.)

EE 16 (6) ITS bowl with IPP stamp l V _ l ▵ F I R

ARS FW ws with groove ex (7?), ARS CW 181 with groove in rim top.

X 21 U (2) metallic glaze TW.

CC 16 W (8) PW jug with ridged eleg. strap handle, smoothed Repub. TW wss.

AA 22 D (7) 1 B.C. bowl with flared wall; thin 196; lamp with radiating lines; PP CW.

X 21 S (2)

BB 18 A C (5)

X 21 U (2) heavy PW & CW (buff)

undated

X 21 F 180 (2) ITS ws (G 43)

Y 23 (1) ARS 196 (fat); African amphora; ARS FW wss

end 2/early 3 A.D.

Y 23 (1) ARS FW base, ITS wss.

end 2 A.D.

BB 17 Y (4) G 43 (ITS); basin with wide rim, lateral handle; metallic glaze TW.

mid 1 A.D.

BB 18 D (6) F165 roughcast TW

1st ½ 1 A.D.

AA 16 X (4) Repub. narrow base, CW.

1 B.C.

AA 16 S (5) BG ws, PR ws; (ARS?) CS 181 with bifid rim.

2 B.C., 1 B.C, 1 A.D.

BB 17 AC (3) ARS 196 (sure?); PP CW lid with S-profile; TW unglazed beaker; color coated TW (G 36) beaker.

late 2 A.D.

BB 18 A C (11) ITS chips, unglazed TW 1 Repub); Ca A. BG; metallic glaze TW with fat pignole (but elegant).

1st ½ 1 A.D.

CC 15 C (1) TW CC PW; 2x

1 A.D.?

AA 16 S (6) 1 pce PW, undated.

BB 18 E (5) CC PW carinated bowl; 183(?), rough-cast TW.

end 2/early 3 A.D.

X 23 B (4) CC PW & lt orange TW tiny bowl or carinated wall.

EE 16 (6) ARS 23; ESB2; ITS chips; Dr. 2/4 handles; buff PW basin

end 2/early 3 A.D., early 2;

Y 23 P (2) ARS 197; Dr 2/4 rim; PW jug with convex rim; early Haltern 2; BG (2 B.C.).

late 2/early 3 A.D.; Augustan; 2 B.C.

AA 22 C (2) IPP ITS stamp: CELER; metallic glaze lamp.

" roughcast metallic glaze TW (red orange).

1st ½ 1 A.D.

Dirty AA 22 C (3)

July 25, 85

X 21 U (2) ITS with illegible i.p.p. stamp; G 43; PR, jug with rim thickened in; metallic glaze TW with fat pignole; (note window glass).

1st ½ 1 A.D./ mid 1 A.D.

X 21 S (2) pale buff TW PW base of jug.

1/2 A.D.

BB 18 E (3) possible ITS chip (may be from below).

BB 18 E (11) ITS Haltern 2, early type.

end 1 B.C.

AA 16 S (8 B) BG thin Ca B bowl

2nd ½ 2 B.C.

July 9, 1986

G 10/1985 pottery not seen until 1986 season:

1 box = AA 22 C (2) ITS, misc., CW, PW, CC = 5 bags.

Box 2 = + CC 16 W (4)

√ AA 22 C (3)

√ AA 22 D (8)

+ CC 16 W (5)

+ CC 15 C (1)

CC 15 C (7)

√ AA 22 D (6)

ᅌ BB 17 Y (4)

BB 18 E (3)

(5)

ᅌ (8)

(11)

√ AA 16 S (5)

√ (6)

√ (8B)

√ (9)

√ AA 22 C (3)

ᅌ BB 18 E (8)

X 21 (2) F 179

ᅌ BB 18 AC (11)

+ CC 16 W (11)

X 21 S (2)

√ AA 16 X (4)

X 21 2 F 176

ᅌ BB 18 AC (13)

X 21 U (2)

Y 23 G (1)

Y 23 (1)

CC 16 W F 141

→ ᅌ BB 17 AC (3)

ᅌ BB 18 P (6) F 165

1. AA 16 S (4) (5) (6) (7) (8A) (8B) (9) (10)

(4) TW CW; Hellenish banded PW, brown BG base. ½ fleur d-e lys stamp: ARS orange 'G' CW flat base

3 & 1 B.C., 1 A.D. possible for TW & CW.

(5) ARS CW 'G' bowl with bifid rim, BG Campana B ws; micaceous fine orange CW 'PR,' met black ex.

2 B.C. BG: 1? A.D. ARS CW.

(6) bone(!), 'pebble,' pale buff PW looks Hellenistic.

(7) BG stamp, base ring, ws, 4, 3, possibly as late as 1 B.C.: 3 pcs of Hellenistic CW

July 9, 1986

Box 3:

EE 16 (7)

+ CC 16 W F 141

Y 23 P (2)

ᅌ BB 18 E (7)

X 23 B (4)

X 21 P (2)

ᅌ BB 18 E (7)

Y 23 W (5)

X 21 P (2)

X 23 (1)

Y 23 V (5)

+ CC 16 W F 141

X 21 S (2)

X 23 N (2)

Y 23 V (6)

+ CC 16 W (8)

√ AA 16 S (10)

√ AA 16 S (4)

√ AA 16 X (6)

EE 16 _ (6)

ᅌ BB 18 E (7)

→ ᅌ BB 17 AC (4)

ᅌ B 18 AC (12)

√ AA 22 D (8)

ᅌ BB 17 X (4)

+ CC 16 W (11)

√ AA 16 S (7)

√ AA 22 D (7)

ᅌ BB 17 D (3)

+ CC 16 W (8)

+ CC 15 C (7)

+ CC 16 W (7)

ᅌ BB 18 E (13)

ᅌ BB 18 E (5)

ᅌ BB 17 X (1)

Y 23 W (5)

X 21 S (2)

Y 23 D (2)


G 10/85, DONE '86 July 9, 1986

AA 16 S (8A) G11 Form 4/9 – Hellenistic CW jar.

= P8097 only (5‑2 B.C.)

AA 16 S (8B) La. 27 B rim and incredible CW lid knob

3/end 3 B.C.

AA 16 S (9) shattered Ca. A & B; metallic glaze TW pocula, ought to be

1st ½ 1 A.D.

AA 16 S (10) shattered Ca. A. BG. 3/2 B.C.

AA 16 X (4) orange CW, simple smoothed beaker, not TW. Hellenistic type.

AA 16 X (6) Shattered Ca. A. BG, as in S. 3/2 B.C.

* AA 22 C (2) Enormous amount of pot retained from this layer in VG terms: bagged by ware. 3 chips Ca. B; ITS:

G 43 (10x minimum); Haltern 8(?)) with spectacles (complete profile); C. Clo. Sab. stamp, hemisph. bowl, TW sandcast metallic glaze; PR 2nd ½ 1 A.D. form small beakers are by far the most common form.

2 rims of ARS CW 196 (classic); Sutri sack shape CW pot (3-4x); simple G11/1 jar with horiz. rim; Pélichet 47 rim; pale buff PW basin with double bead rim; Campanian Dr. 2-4; PW ER jug 1 (MC); Pantelleria rim?; brown CW (Vesuvius fabric?) bowl with bifid rim; G4/9 rim: lots of PP CW; esp. asymm. lid knob, variety of rims.

The majority is overwhelmingly of the 1st ½ of the 1st c. A.D., essentially concentrated in Claudian circa. A very few items indicate end 2/early 3 – may be contamination from destruction? Stratigraphic ID. of layer needs discussion.

July 14, 1986

AA 22 C (3)

fairly poor quality Ca. A. shards from platter(?); c. 3 ITS small cups incl. 1 with Δ rim, 1 with contracted bead rim (!!); 1 as Haltern Form 7/8 base; not otherwise distinctive: glazed TW with rouletting, sharp thin pignole; sand cast finish; base of worn 1 B.C. unguentarium; (fusiform) Claudian date practically certain.

G10/85, cont. Done '86 July 14, 1986

AA 22 D (6) Pélichet 46, Gaulish fabric base; hard pink PW amphora cut to round, RD c. 12.0; very gritty orange fabric amph, cream slip.

→ date 1/2 A.D. hinges on Pél 46.

AA 22 D (7) 1(intr.)? 196 ARS CW; otherwise: Dressel 1 amph; unslipped Repub(?) TW; CW of PP type = 2 lid rims; Hellenistic banded ws, BG bowl with flared wall (Campana B) of 1st ½ 1 B.C.

→ General date end 1 B.C. (lid rims flare up).

AA 22 D (8) ER jug 1 (MC) may suggest 1/2 A.D.; good ITS ws; TW poculum; (no metallic glaze, vertical rim, extr. TW); PP fabric flared lid rim; heavy orange PW pot flat base, looks early:

→ prob. very early 1 A.D., ER jug may be intrusive, may be early ex??, or what is this layer strat??

BB 17 A C (3) ARS CW 196 rim, CC PW, PP CW S-rim lid; PW ring base; TW Cl olla a collarino; TW CC beaker with strongly crusted rim.

→ end 2/early 3 A.D.

BB 17 A C (4) 2 exx of wm jar with wide horiz. hooked rim (G11 form 1); ARS tsc A Form 16; CC PW wss; metallic glaze TW (large open cup?):

→ date clearly end 2/early 3 A.D.

Lots of lime encrustation on these pcs.

BB 17 D (3) CW 1 assoc. with Hellenistic layers ‑ lid with graphite(?) angular incls; CC TW beaker of c. mid 1 A.D.

→ c. mid 1 A.D. attested

BB 17 X (1) TW closed glob pot base, metallic glaze.

→ c. mid 1 A.D. attested.

BB 17 X (4) PP CW lid with S-rim.

→ 1/2 A.D. is date of this type.

BB 17 Y (4) ITS G 43 (2exx); PW basin with curved lateral handle; glazed TW of mid 1 A.D.; eleg. large TW strap handle; rim of PP lid, flared up.

→ mid 1 A.D. attested.

BB 18 A C (11) ITS (4 shards); met. glaze BG ws; met. glaze TW with pignola dec; bright orange PP CW lid rim; heavy PP CW pot with narrow heavy horiz. rim.

→ 1st ½ 1 A.D. attested.

G10/85 Done '86 July 14, 1986

BB 18 AC (12) Hellenistic (early!!) ex of G 4; greenish ex of 'Campana A' bowl like Colin's, La. 27 B or related, early CW ws with pyrite (?) incls. unglazed TW – orange ex. black in.

→ e arly 2 B.C. attested

BB 18 AC (13) Fish plate with wide flared rim, Ischia/Naples Campana A BG; Hellenistic G 4 with buff slip at rim + 1 ex pl. red brown.

→ 3 B.C.? or earlier??

BB 18 E (3) t iny chip of ITS.

1 A.D.?? attested

BB 18 E (5) ARS FW tsc A Form 6(?); CC PW bowl with heavy sq. rim ; CC TW with crusted rim; rough-cast pocula with vertical wall; ITS chip; BG La 5/7 platter; (reduced); ARS CW 183 base; 183 rim (wedge-rim type); soft PW extr. large Italian type mortarium; reduced BG, thick with small base ring, extr. wide heavy nearly horiz. wall.

→ Very mixed material from c. 150 B.C. → end 2/early 3 A.D. (contemp with destruction).

BB 18 E (7) dolium r. with red slip; PW buff mortarium with ½ spout; ITS Goudineau 43; bifid rim cooking pan as ARS CW 'G'; Hellenistic ungl. TW wss; 1 B.C. BG with flared wall.

→ latest material mid 1 A.D.

BB 18 E (8) ITS, probably G 43: unguentarium with peg foot; closed CC PW TW with rouletting; CC PW with oblique ridges (!); unglazed TW.

→ mid 1 A.D.

BB 18 E (11) ITS early Haltern 2 platter rim; orange PW pot with flared rim; PP CW; very TW hard lamp shards; rough cast pocula with vertical rim.

→ 'Claudian' rough-cast TW is latest evidence.

BB 18 E (13) BG chip of rim La 27 B; chip of TW ITS G 43, another chip ITS.

→ 1st ½ 1 A.D.

BB 18 P (6) F 165 roughcast color-coated TW, tiny shard

→ 'Claudian,' c. mid 1 A.D.

G10/85 Done '86 July 14, 1986

CC 15 C (1) CC TW, matte glaze in; CC TW, worn in

Typical of 1 A.D.

CC 15 C (7) ITS possibly Haltern 1; very close to BG: 5 shards BG, several suggesting 1 B.C.: rim of ARS CW 197 with outer bead applied acc. to break; 8 separate pcs of CW of Hellenistic type: G 4, heavy baking dishes.

late date would be c. 25 B.C., except for ARS CW 197, which, however, does not seem classic end 2 A.D. How early it cd be is a matter of conjecture.

End 1 A.D., possibly intrusive 2(?). ?

CC 16 W (4) small PW orange bowl.

date uncertain, p rob. 1 A.D.

CC 16 W (5) CC TW with sharp pignola dec: PP CW S-rim lid.

1 A.D. attested

CC 16 W (7) Dressel 1 amphora.

→ 1 B.C. attested.

CC 16 W (8) ARS tsc A 9 A; h eavy strap handle of amphora; PW strap handle with double ridge down back; PP CW base & handle.

→ ARS says 2 A.D., PW strap handle in tentative agreement.

CC 16 W (11) ITS chips; unglazed super thin TW; poor quality BG, prob. 1 B.C.; small orange PW bowl with groove below rim ex; PW jar with restr. ridged rim; PP CW lid with flared rim (mini); G 4 jar, not reduced; CW jar with wide horiz. rim, strap handle applied under rim.

→ 2nd ½ 1 B.C./early Augustan.

CC 16 W F 141 ARS CW 23 B, ITS shard of thin platter base; ARS tsc A base of 8/9; PP CW lid rim (S-rim type).

→ Late date end 2/early 3 A.D.

EE 16 __ (6) ITS frags; ARS tsc A prob. Form 9 A; ARS CW 23(B)? base; red fabric, red slip FW bowl with beveled rim, fabric ID uncertain; PW Dressel 2/4 (several handles); pale buff PW; TW base with met. glaze in; peg leg of CW bowl; 'star' handle of Gaulish(?) fabric; likely Pélichet 47 amphora handles, etc.

→ late 2/early 3 A.D. is latest date

EE 16 (7) Tarraconensis Dr 2/4 amphora handle (fake double roll); 181 burnished int. ARS CW bowl; several other exx of Dr. 2/4 handles; pale buff PW jar with dropped horiz. rim; ITS frags incl. rim of hemisph. bowl; ws of TW with metallic glaze in and ex; chip of base of Campana A bowl; PP CW pot with dropped rim.

→ Very mixed date: late date end 2/early 3 A.D., early date probably 2 B.C.

X 21 P (2) ARS CW 196, not BT; ITS rim (?) with ½ of graffito X on wall at break; soft ITS rouletted hemisph. bowl with low flange (ws only); BG Campana B plain rim bowl; brown metallic glaze BG; CC met. glaze ridged strap handle; pale buff TW PW with chocolate matte slip in; heavy PW jar and basin rim; very poor quality brown glaze bowl with fl. wall(?);

→ Late date late 2/early 3 A.D.; material very mixed, from about 100 B.C. →.

X 21 S (2) Pale buff PW glob. pot; orange "Hellenistic" CW lid rim; tiny orange TW beaker rim.

→ 1 A.D. attested

X 21 U (2) ARS CW 196 with white rather than BT.

Lamboglia 5/7 platter rim (Campana A?/B?). Metallic glaze TW chip.

→ End 2/early 3 A.D. by 196?

X 21 (2) F 176 heavyish buff PW and Hellenistic CW with some gold mica/pyrite.

→ My impression of these wares suggests 1 B.C. or even earlier; however, they are not reliably datable in and of themselves.

X 21 (2) F 179 off round PP CW lid with squared rim.

→ 1/2 A.D.

X 21 (2) F 180 ITS shard with rough back (ext); orange PW, perhaps from unguentarium.

→ mid 1 A.D. attested.

X 23 (1) Dressel 2/4 PW hard amphora, double-rolled handle; ARS tsc A Form 16/14; ITS chips; Campana A BG; CC TW beaker with sharply everted rim; ARS CW 196 BT rim; orange PW base, undercut.

Late 2/3arly 3 A.D. + back to c. 200 B.C.

X 23 B (4) worn CC PW shards, orange PW hemisph bowl.

→ mid 1 A.D. attested.

X 23 N (2) ITS; roughcast TW; orange PW with fairly wide pad base.

→ mid 1 A.D. attested.

G10/85 Done '86 July 14, 1986

Y 23 (1) ARS FW base (8/9); ITS rim of hemisph. poculum, pale buff PW base; TW slipped poculum; CW lid.

2 A.D. back to mid 1 A.D.

Y 23 G (1) CC PW (2 wss), tiny ARS FW handle.

2 A.D.

Y 23 D (2) ARS CW 196, 181, 197; chocolate glaze interior PW as in X 21 P (2); CW with bifid rim as ARS CW BT 'G' bowl; ARS tsc A 14 (3 rims, 1 b), 8 A; orange CW jug with flared bead rim; ITS platter, G 43, early Haltern, 2, late Haltern 2; pocula with plain flared wall; black glaze early & late; Sutri Form 20(?), ckg pot with sloping wall; totally unfamiliar red fabric ring base ?amphora?;

PW ER jug 1 (2 exx); PW glob. pot with pad base; Dressel 2/4

amph. handle spring; extremely thin TW for Repub. unglazed, double recurred wall; PW stamped amphora handle [.OT]; brown glaze bowl with fl. rim;

Late 2/early 3 A.D. + everything else.

Y 23 P (2) Amphoras: Dr. 2/4 in orange CW; likely Pelichet 47 imit.; Dr. 2/4 in buff PW/CW; Dressel 2/4 in orange/brown CW/PW, buff slip; Pél 47 G aulish in handle & lower wall.

→ ARS CW 196; ARS tsc A 14; ITS

TW CC; Ca A & Ca. C. chips;

red CW amphora base joins to Y 23 D (2)

heavy black glaze handle

CW G 1A; 'lid' with trumpet knob; brick fabric bowl.

TW CC with strongly everted rim.

Late 2/early 3 A.D. + everything else.

Y 23 V (5) PP CW G 1A; PW – 3 ring bases, one probably of a Pél 47 amphora; TW CC.

→ end 2/early 3 A.D.

Y 23 V (6) ARS tsc A ws; PW with chocolate slip in; G 1A rims; lt. orange PW basin.

→ end 2/early 3 A.D.

Y 23 W (5) ITS of Tiberian date; TW incl. metallic glaze & roughcast; BG, 2 good rims of Lamboglia 27; buff PW strap handle; PP CW; CC PW strap handle; G 4 with buff matte slip;

→ 1st ½ 1 A.D. attested

Y 23 W (5) BG Lamboglia 27; PW basin rim as P8235 in layer (6); brick fabric base (very large); jar with carinated rim; maroon BG platter rim (La 5/7): G 4 with buff slip;


Joann Freed

 

All text and images copyright © 2002 by Walter Widrig and Rice University. Last updated June 2005 by dmc-info@rice.edu.