VG-logo1

The Glass Vessels and Objects

David Grose
University of Massachusetts at Amherst


 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

GLOSSARY

ABBREVIATIONS

GLASS VESSELS AND OBJECTS: SITE 10 VILLA

Discussion: Typology and Chronology

Catalogue

I. Cast Vessels

A. Linear-cut Bowls (Nos. 1-2)
B. Ribbed Bowls (Nos. 3-5)
C. Colorless Bowls with Overhanging Rims (Nos. 6-8)

II. Naturally Colored Tablewares

A. Bowls with Pinched Ribs (No. 9)
B. Translucent and Opaque Colored Fine Wares (Nos. 10-13)

III. Blown Naturally Colored and Colorless Tablewares

A. Bowls with Tubular Rims (No. 14)
B. Bowls with Triangular Rims (Nos. 15-20)
C. Bowls with Out Splayed Rounded Rims (Nos. 21-26)
D. Bowls with Hooked Rims and Variants (Nos. 27-34)
E. Basins and Large Coarse Bowls (Nos. 35-39)

IV. Blown Colorless Cut Tablewares

A. Bowls and Other Vessels (Nos. 40-42)

V. Blown Naturally Colored and Colorless Storage Wares

A. Prismatic Bottle (No. 43)
B. Olla or Jar (No. 44)
C. Beakers or Jars (Nos. 45-53)
D. Beaded Stemmed Beaker (No. 54)
E. Jugs, Handled Jars, and Flasks (Nos. 55-64)
F. Unguentaria (Nos. 65-70)
G. Bases, Base Rings, and Bottoms (Nos. 71-83)

VI. Gaming Pieces or Markers (Nos. 84-85)

VII. Parietal Mosaics (Nos. 86-87)

VIII. Window Panes (Nos. 88-94)

 

GLASS VESSELS AND OBJECTS: SITE 11 VILLA

Dicussion: Typology and Chronology

Catalogue

I. Cast Vessels

A. Hellenistic Grooved Bowl (No. 1)
B. Roman Translucent Colored Fine Ware (No. 2)
C. Roman Colorless Bowls with Overhanging Rims (No. 3)

II. Blown Vessels

A. Bowl with Tubular Base Ring (No. 4)
B. Colorless Beaker (No. 5)
C. Colorless Vessel with Boss (No. 6)

III. Gaming Piece (No. 7)

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I wish to express my sincere appreciation to the following individuals who facilitated my work with the glass from the Via Gabina Villa sites:

To Kenneth Painter, The British Museum, for first suggesting to the excavators that I publish the glass and for the pleasure of his company while cataloguing the material; to Patrick Condon, Houston, and Lorene Sterner, Ann Arbor, for executing and inking the fine profile drawings that illustrate the text; to Joann Freed for her advice on the chronology of the pottery; and to Messrs. Walter Widrig and Philip Oliver Smith for inviting me to participate in this project and for graciously furnishing me with the means to accomplish the work ; and to Carlo and Beryl Marcella, Ristorante La Giara, Via Presnestina for their generous hospitality.

 

GLOSSARY

Descriptive Terms for Shapes

Rims:

Horizontal rim: A rim that is turned at right angles to the neck or side.
Offset rim: A rim flaring outward in a curve from the neck or side, then turning abruptly upward.
Out splayed rim: A rim flaring outward in a curve from the neck or side.
Tubular rim: A rim folded outward and downward from the neck or side, creating a hollow tube.
Double Tubular rim: The same as the above but with a second fold, creating two hollow tubes, one above the other.
Unfinished rim: A rim created by scoring the side, leaving an unfinished, often rough edge.
Upright rim: A rim that is a continuation of the neck or side, regardless of the angle of the latter. It neither curves inward or outward.
Vertical rim: A rim rising perpendicularly with respect to the bottom or base of the vessel.

Bases:

Bottom: The lowest part or resting surface of a vessel; it may be flat, convex, or slightly concave.
Basal Angle:
The inward bend of the lowe side toward the bottom or base of the vessel.
Base:
Any element attached to the underside of a vessel, upon which the vessel rests.
Base Ring:
A circular trail attached to the underside of a vessel.
Cut-Out Base Ring:
The use of a tool to create a portuding but open base ring on the underside of a vessel.
Closed Cut-Out Base Ring:
The use of a tool to create a hollow, tubular base ring on the underside of the vessel.

Descriptive Terms for Technique

Blowing: The inflation of a gob of glass on the end of a blow pipe to create a vessel.
Blowing Spirals:
Spiraling bubbles that occur when a vessel is blown and rotated on the blow pipe or pontil rod.
Casting: Former Mold:
The use of molds, whether one-piece, multipartite, or former molds, in the manufacture of vessels.
Mold Blowing:
A ceramic, metal, or plaster mold in the shape of the desired vessel, over or through which a glass blank is sagged.
Pontil Mark:
The scar left on the underside of a vessel when it is knocked off a pontil rod.
Sagging:
The process by which a rehathed glass blank slowly flows over, into, or through a former mold, creating the basic shape of the vessel.


ABBREVIATIONS

D Diameter at the rim of an intact vessel or the estimated diameter of a fragmentary vessel
H Height
L Length
Max Maximum
Min Minimum
Th Thickness
W Width

 

GLASS VESSELS AND OBJECTS: SITE 10 VILLA

Dicussion: Typology

The glass from the Villa at site 10 consists of approximately five hundred fragments of vessels, all Roman, and another three hundred fragments of window panes. Of these, one hundred are sufficiently well preserved to permit them to be identified either by form or by class of glass. Among vessels eight are manufactured by casting and these include five colored, linear-cut or ribbed bowls (Nos. 1-5) of Augustan or early Julio-Claudian date (ca. 10 B.C. to A.D. 25, or AD 50 at the latest). The remaining three are colorless bowls or plates with broad, overhanging rims (Nos. 6-8), an elegant but common class found throughout the Roman Empire during the early decades of the second century.

Contemporary with the Augustan/Julio-Claudian cast tablewares are a small number of blown vessels, both intentionally colored (dark blue, aquamarine, golden-brown, purple) and naturally colored, usually a distinct bluish-green. Classes include translucent and opaque colored fine wares (Nos. 10-13), as well as colored bowls with pinched ribs (No. 9). Whereas the former are Italian in origin (as suggested by finds at Paestum, Pompeii, Herculaneum, Rome, Cosa, and Luni), the latter represent a Mediterranean or "international" style popular in both the eastern and western halves of the Empire. Also of this period are several naturally colored vessels, including bluish-green bowls with large tubular rims (No. 14), a wide-mouthed jar with a double-tubular rim (No. 44), a small beaker (No. 53), an unguent bottle (No. 64, and possibly 67-68), and possibly others among the bluish-green and pale green vessels present at the site. Somewhat later is the sole example of a Roman prismatic or square bottle (No. 43), with a molded geometric pattern on its underside. It belongs either to the Flavian period or to the first half of the second century. Surprisingly, no other example of mold-blowing was found, despite the popularity of many mold blown classes in Italy during the early imperial age.

Another class, tentatively attributed to the Augustan or Julio-Claudian period, has until now never been discussed in the literature. This highly unusual type consists of huge basins and bowls, some with square rims, which were formed by sagging thick blanks over or into "former molds" (Nos. 35-39). The fabric of this class is exceedingly coarse with numerous bubbles, surface striations, and inclusions, most closely resembling typical matte/glossy window panes (here, Nos. 89-94). Also like window glass, the rims are uneven and beveled, with tooling marks on the underside. Similar vessels have been recovered from the excavations at Cosa and Magdalensberg (Austria), where they came from contexts of the first half of the first century. The function of these crude vessels cannot be determined but it is likely that they were held in a wooden or metal frames (their bottoms appear to be convex). Perhaps they served as wash basins or mixing bowls.

The rest of the glass at the Villa Site 10 represents a typical assemblage of forms and classes consistent with a date in the second to early third century AD These are mostly thinly-blown, colorless table and storage wares, ranging from plates, bowls, and beakers to small and large jars, jugs, flasks, double-flasks, beaded-stemmed beakers, and ungentaria. Some forms, such as the bowls with triangular rims (Nos.15-20), are characteristically Italian; others like the candlestick ungentaria (Nos. 69-70) are found throughout the Mediterranean area. Three at the Villa at Site 10 are also decorated with cut circular, oval, and grain-shaped facets, and of these, No. 40, is without doubt the finest. This bowl combines a delicately crafted shape with a handsomely designed geometric pattern of cutting on both the rim and base. Among the more unusual or better preserved vessels from the site are a deep bowl on a high base ring (No. 34), a beaded-stemmed beaker with a trefoil body (No. 54), a jug with a double body (No. 62), and a flask with pinched ribs around the lover body (No. 63). Also of interest are a series of moderately tall, closed, cut-out base rings (Nos. 79-81) which preserve a convex upper surface and a pontil or post-scar on the underside. When only the central portion of these bases have been found (that is, lacking the base ring itself), they are often mistakenly identified as a special type of bottom, but one which would have caused the vessel to wobble.

 

Dicussion: Chronology

The recognizable and datable glass from the Villa at Site 10 falls into two distinct periods. The earlier comprises the late Augustan through Julio-Claudian periods, roughly the first half of the first century AD No Hellenistic material is present (Hellenistic glass in any event, is rare on Romano-Italian sites), and none of the earliest Roman glass needs to be dated before the beginning of the Christian era. On the other hand, the cast linear-cut and ribbed bowls (Nos. 1-5) occur on other sites as early as the last half or last quarter of the first century BC, but as classes, they continued to be made (or circulated) in quantity in the first decades of the next century.

The second and largest assemblage of glass (fully 90% of the total at the site) belongs to the second century, probably continuing into the third. Unfortunately, the classes involved (and especially those thought to be exclusively Italian) are little published from closely dated contexts, and it is not possible at this time to attribute them to chronological periods shorter than a full century or even longer. Perhaps the latest datable piece is the colorless, beaded-stemmed beaker (No. 54) which probably falls in the early third century. There are no fragments from the villa that belong to shapes or classes assigned to the fourth through seventh centuries.

Surprising by their absence are identifiable, decorated and undecorated vessels of the Flavian period (that is, the second half or final third of the first century AD). This is the sort of material normally present in abundance on Romano-Italian sites. They are best illustrated from the glass-finds recovered from Pompeii and Herculaneum. Although several fragments, such as ones from an olla or a prismatic bottle (Nos. 43-44) can date to the latter half of the first century, they are as easily attributable to the early second century since such classes persisted into that period.

 

Catalogue

Cast Linear Cut Bowls

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

1. G 10/82 CC 22 A (2) SF no. 82.371
    D ca. 14 cm; Max Th .3 cm

 

Fragment of rim and side of broad, shallow linear-cut bowl; golden brown. Iridescence and pitting. Upright rim with rounded edge; convex curving side. On the interior, three narrow, horizontal cut grooves: one below the rim and two in a band around the lower side. Cast; lathe-cut and polished on the interior and on the outside of the rim; fire-polished on the rest of the exterior.

Fig. 1; Pl. 1

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

2. G 10/85 Y 23 P (2) SF no. 85.160
    D ca. 10 cm; Max Th .3 cm

 

Fragment of rim and side of linear-cut bowl; golden-yellow. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Upright rim with rounded edge; convex curving side. On the interior, three narrow, horizontal grooves one below the rim and two in band around the middle of the body. Cast; lathe-polished and cut on the interior and on the outside of the rim; fire-polished on the rest of the exterior.

Fig. 2

Ribbed Bowls

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

3. G 10/87 Z 21/22 R (3) SF no. 87.80
    D ca. 12 cm; Max Th .4 cm

Fragment of rim and side ribbed bowl; golden-brown. Scaly white weathering and silvery iridescence. Thick, slightly outsplayed rim with rounded edge; almost vertical side, with a slight outward curve. On the exterior, vestiges of the upper ends of low, rounded ribs. On the interior, a shallow, horizontal cut groove below the rim. Cast; lathe polished and cut on the interior and on the top of the rim; fire-polished on the rest of the exterior.

Fig. 3; Pl. 2

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

4. G 10/89 S 14 F (8)
    D ca. cm; Max Th .3 cm

Fragment of rim and side of miniature ribbed bowl; pale yellow. Tall, upright rim; convex curving side. On the exterior, three short rounded ribs disposed vertically on the side. The ribs are polished across their upper ends; they taper to the junction of the side and bottom. Cast; lathe-polished on the interior and on the outside of the rim; fire-polished on the rest of the exterior. Careful craftsmanship.

Fig. 4; Pl. 3

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

5. G 10/87 Z 21/22 R (3)
    D ca.10 cm; Max Th .4 cm

 

Fragment of side of ribbed bowl; blue. Whitish and silvery iridescence Convex curving side. On the exterior, numerous short, close-set rounded ribs. Cast; lathe-polished on the interior; fire-polished on the exterior.

Fig. 5; Pl. 4

Cast Colorless Fine Wares

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

6. G 10/82 DD 24 (1) SF no. 82.338
    D ca. 20 cm; A Th .25 cm

Fragment of rim (incomplete) of broad shallow bowl; colorless. White flaky weathering and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with a rounded, over-hanging edge. Cast; lathe-polished on both surfaces.

Fig. 6

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

7. G 10/82 DD 24 (1) SF no. 82.338
    D ca. 18 cm; A Th .3 cm

Fragment of rim (incomplete) of broad shallow bowl; colorless. White flaky weathering and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with a rounded, overhanging edge. Cast; lathe-polished on both surfaces.

Remarks: While otherwise similar to No. 6, the diameter of this fragment is smaller and the width of the rim is also less.

Fig. 7

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

8. G 10/82 Z 14 B (2) SF no. 82.404
    D ca. 10 cm; A Th .3 cm

Fragment of rim (incomplete) of hemispherical bowl; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with rounded edge (lacking an over-hang). Cast; lathe-polished on both surfaces.

Fig. 8

Blown Colored Ribbed Bowls

No Figure Available

9. G 10/80 BB 12 D (1) SF no. 80.119
    D uncertain; Max Th cm

Fragment of upper side of ribbed bowl; dark blue. Iridescence and pitting. Fairly Straight side, with a slight downward curve. On the exterior, the upper end of one rib pinched out from the side. Blown.

Blown Translucent and Opaque Colored Fine Wares

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

10. G 10/64 CC 16 G (2) SF no. 64.190
      D ca. 18 cm; Th .1 cm

Fragment of rim and side of bowl; dark blue. Iridescence and pitting. Upright rim with a solid edge folded outward and downward. Almost vertical side. Blown.

Fig. 10

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

11. G 10/89 U 15 So. E. (4) SF no. 89.21
      D base ring ca. 14 cm; Th .1 cm

Fragment of side and base of large bowl or plate; dark blue. Iridescence and pitting. Almost vertical side; flat floor; tubular base ring Blown.

Fig. 11

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

12. G 10/81 EE 23 A (2) SF no. 81.140
      D ca. 12 cm; Th .15 cm

Two non-joining and two joining fragments of rim and side of deep beaker; dark aquamarine. Slight iridescence and pitting. Vertical rim with polished edge; convex curving side. On the exterior, a horizontal cut groove below the rim; another narrow groove around the lower side. Blown and cut.

Fig. 12

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

13. G 10/84 CC 23 031 (4) SF no. 84.190
      D ca. 22 cm; Max. Th .3 cm

Fragment of rim and side of broad, shallow plate; opaque turquoise blue. Iridescence and pitting. Almost horizontal rim with rounded edge; almost flat side with a slight downward curve. Blown, with blowing spirals and long elliptical bubbles.

Fig. 13

Blown Naturally Colored Tablewares

Bowls with Tubular Rims

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

14. G 10/83 DD 16 A (4) SF no. 83.94
      D ca. 26 cm; A Th .1 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large bowl; natural bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Slightly outsplayed, tubular rim, folded outward and downward; fairly straight side, with a slight downward curve. Blown.

Fig. 14

Blown Colorless Tablewares

Bowls with Triangular Rims

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

15. G 10/88 W 18 A (4)
      D ca. 22 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large bowl; natural bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Slightly outsplayed, tubular rim, folded outward and downward; fairly straight side, with a slight downward curve. Blown.

Fig. 15

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

16. G 10/88 BB 12 M (2) SF no. 80.43
      D ca. 22 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large bowl; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, upright rim, triangular in section, with a pointed edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with tiny bubbles and surface striations.

Fig. 16

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

17. G 10/80 BB 12 M (2) SF no. 80.47
      D ca. 20 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large bowl; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Upright rim, triangular in section, with pointed edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with tiny bubbles and numerous surface striations.

Fig. 17

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

18. G 10/81 CC 15 West A (3) SF no. 81.112
      D ca. 19 cm

Six joining and non-joining fragments of large bowl; colorless with slight greenish tinge. Upright rim, triangular in section, with a pointed edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with tiny bubbles and surface striations.

Fig. 18

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

19. G 10/81 EE 23 A (2) SF no. 81.142
      D ca. 15 cm

Two non-joining fragments of rim and side of bowl; colorless. Iridescence and slight pitting. Thick, upright rim, triangular in section, with a pointed edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with numerous surface striations.

Fig. 19

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

20. G 10/86 BB 15 South (1)
      D ca. 12 cm

Two non-joining fragments of rim and side of bowl; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Vertical rim, triangular in section, with a pointed edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with tiny bubbles and numerous surface striations.

Fig. 20

Blown Colorless Tablewares

Out splayed Rounded Rims

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

21. G 10/89 AA 22 F (5)
      D ca. 24 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Out splayed, rounded rim; fairly straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with surface striations.

Fig. 21

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

22. G 10/85 AA 22 C (2)
      D ca. 24 cm

Two non-joining fragments of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Out splayed, rounded rim; fairly straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with surface striations.

Fig. 22

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

23. G 10/80 BB 12 M (2) SF no. 80.48
      D ca. 22 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless with a greenish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with rounded edge; fairly straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with surface striations.

Fig. 23

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

24. G 10/80 BB 12 M (4) SF no. 60.106
      D ca. 22 cm

Five joining and non-joining fragments of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Out splayed, rounded rim; uneven but fairly straight side, tapering diagonally downward. On the exterior-, a horizontal trail applied around the body. Blown, with elliptical bubbles and numerous striations.

Fig. 24

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

25. G 10/83 DD 16 A (4) SF no. 83.73
      D ca. 20 cm

Two non-joining fragments of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Silvery iridescence. Sharply outsplayed rim with a rounded edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with tiny bubbles and surface striations.

Fig. 25

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

26. G 10/85 AA 22 F (2) SF no. 85.30
      D ca. 20 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless with a greenish tinge. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with a rounded edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Blown, with tiny bubbles and surface striations.

Fig. 26

Bowls with Hooked Rims and Variants

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

27. G 10/88 DD 20 (1)
      D ca. 22 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless with a greenish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with a hooked edge; convex curving side. Blown, with tiny bubbles and numerous surface striations.

Fig. 27

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

28. G 10/83 EE 22 C (24) SF no. 83.166
      D ca. 22 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with hooked edge; convex curving side. Blown, with bubbles and numerous surface striations.

Fig. 28

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

29. G 10/63 DD 19 (10)
      D ca. 22 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, sharply outsplayed rim; convex curving side. Blown.

Fig. 29

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

30. G 10/85 Y 23 (1)
      D ca. 22 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Slight iridescence. Thick, sharply outsplayed rim; straight side, tapering downward. Blown, with tiny bubbles.

Fig. 30

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

31. G 10/83 DD 19 (6)
      D ca. 20 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow bowl; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, outsplayed rim; convex curving side. Blown, with elliptical bubbles and surface striations.

Fig. 31

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

32. G 10/80 X 18 (2) SF no. 80.30
      D ca. 15 cm

Fragment of rim and side of bowl; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, outsplayed rim; convex curving side. Blown, with elliptical bubbles and surface striations.

Fig. 32

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

33. G 10/80 BB 9 G (4) SF no. 80.153
      D ca. 13 cm

Three non-joining fragments of rim and side of bowl; natural bluish green. Iridescence and pitting. Out splayed, rounded rim; convex curving side. Blown, with surface striations.

Fig. 33

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

34. G 10/82 CC 19 South A (2)
      Restored H ca. 9 cm; D ca. 16 cm; D base ring ca. 11 cm

Eighty-one joining and non-joining fragments of rim, side, and base of deep bowl; colorless. White, powdery weathering and pitting. Vertical rim with flat edge; almost vertical side, with a slight downward curve; slightly convex bottom; tall base ring.

Fig. 34

Large Basins and Bowls

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

35. G 10/85 Y 23 D (4)
      D ca. 29 cm; A. Th .4 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, broad shallow basin. Pale greenish-yellow Iridescence and pitting. Thick outsplayed rim with uneven edge; fairly straight side, tapering downward. Probably sagged from a blank; tooling marks on and under the rim. Numerous bubbles and striations.

Fig. 35; Pl. 5

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

36. G 10/84 CC 23 West SF no. 84.14
      D ca. 24 cm; A. Th .4 cm

Fragment of rim and side of deep bowl(?); colorless with greenish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, outsplayed rim with uneven edge; fairly straight side, with a slight downward curve. Probably sagged from a blank; tooling marks on and under the rim. Numerous bubbles and striations.

Fig. 36; Pl. 6

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

37. G 10/83 DD 21 E A (3)
      W basin uncertain; A. Th .6 cm

Two joining fragments of large, square-sided basin or other vessel(?); colorless with greenish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, almost horizontal rim, highly uneven on its upper- and underside, with a square corner preserved; the edge of the rim is uneven; a circular(?) basin tapers downward, presumably toward a convex bottom. Probably sagged from a blank; tooling marks on the underside of the rim, with a deep tooling mark on the underside of the preserved corner. Numerous bubbles and striations.

Fig. 37

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

38. G 10/83 DD 21 A (4) SF no. 83.248
      W basin uncertain; Max Th .5 cm; Min. Th .3 cm

Fragment of rim and side of large, square-sided basin or other vessel(?); colorless with greenish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, sharply outsplayed rim; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. Probably sagged from a blank; tooling marks under the rim. Numerous bubbles and striations.

Fig. 38

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

39. G 10/82 DD 23 (1) SF no. 82.104
      W basin uncertain; A Th .6 cm

Fragment of the corner and side of a large, square-sided basin or other vessel(?); colorless with a grayish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Thick, sharply outsplayed rim, uneven at its edge and on its underside, with a square corner preserved; side tapers diagonally downward. Probably sagged from a blank; tooling marks on the underside of the rim, with a deep tooling mark on the underside of the preserved corner. Numerous bubbles and striations.

Fig. 39; Pl. 7



Blown Decorated Tablewares

Colorless and Cut

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

40. G 10/83 CC 18 C (14) SF no. 83.208 and G 10/84 CC 18 C (12) SF no. 84.130
      Restored H 3.5 cm; D CA; 22 cm; Max. Th bottom .5 cm; Min Th .1 cm

Eleven joining and non-joining fragments of rim, side, and bottom of a large bowl; colorless. Whitish weathering, slight iridescence, and pitting. Broad, sharply outsplayed rim with a rounded edge; convex curving side; fairly flat bottom, slightly convex and considerably thicker at its center. On the exterior, a broad horizontal coil applied at the junction of the rim and side. On the top of the rim, numerous, short grain-shaped cut facets set side-by-side; on the underside of the bottom, a "palm frond" motif of paired, grain-shaped facets encircles twelve broad oval facets radiating out from a large (D 5 cm) central circular facet. Blown; cut on both surfaces

Fig. 40; Pl. 8

Remarks: There is no evidence of an applied base ring.

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

41. G 10/80 BB 9 G (1) SF no. 80.210
      Th .25 cm

Tiny fragment of vessel, Slight iridescence. Two partly preserved oval facets cut on the upper surface. Blown and cut.

Fig. 41

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

42. G 10/88 AA 13 A (2)
      Th .4 cm

Tiny fragment of vessel. Colorless. White iridescence and pitting. Two rows of grain-shaped facets cut side-by-side on the upper surface; below, a band of three horizontal cut grooves. Blown and cut.

Fig. 42

Mold-Blown Prismatic Bottle

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

43. G 10/83 PP 16 A (4) SF no. 83.243
      W side ca. 8 cm; Max. Th .6 cm

Fragment of side and bottom of prismatic bottle; natural pale bluish green. Iridescence and pitting. Indication of a vertical side; slightly concave bottom. On the underside, a partly preserved molded pattern consisting of two concentric circular ridges with a small raised circle, probably one of four in each corner.

Fig. 43

Olla or Jar

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

44. G 10/80
      D ca. 8 cm; A. Th .1 cm

Fragment of rim of olla or large, openmouthed jar; naturally bluish green. Slight iridescence. Fairly flat, double tubular, folded rim. Blown and tooled.

Fig. 44

Blown Colorless and Naturally Colored

Beakers

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

45. G 10/84 DD 20 O (4) SF no. 84.86
      D 9.5 cm; A. Th .05 cm

Two joining fragments of rim and side of conical beaker; natural pale green. Slight iridescence. Offset rim with unfinished edge; straight side, with a downward taper. Blown.

Fig. 45

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

46. G 10/80 BB 9G (5) SF no. 80.200
      D ca. 10 cm; A. Th .03 cm

Fragment of rim and side of beaker; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Slightly outsplayed rim with solid, folded edge; fairly straight side with a slight outward taper. Blown.

Fig. 46

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

47. G 10/83 DD 19 (7) SF no. 83.221
      D ca. 8 cm; A. Th .05 cm

Three joining fragments of rim and side of beaker; colorless.
Whitish weathering and pitting. Offset rim with unfinished edge; straight side, with a slight outward taper. Blown.

Fig. 47

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

48. G 10/83 EE 22 C (15)
      D ca. 7 cm; A. Th .05 cm

Fragment of rim and side of beaker; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Offset rim with unfinished edge; fairly straight side with a slight outward taper. Blown.

Fig. 48

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

49. G 10/83 CC 19 South A (2)
      D ca. 7 cm; A. Th .05 cm

Fragment of rim and side of beaker; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Out splayed rim with solid, folded edge; fairly straight upper side curving inward toward the bottom. Blown.

Fig. 49

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

50. G 10/83 CC 22 (9) SF no. 83.27
      Max D body 7.5 cm; Min. Th .1 cm; Max. Th .4 cm

Lower body and bottom of beaker; colorless. Whitish iridescence and pitting. Almost vertical side turns abruptly inward to a slightly concave bottom. On the exterior-, two fine, horizontal cut grooves; one around the middle of the body; the other just above the junction of the side and basal angle. Blown; cut on the exterior.

Fig. 50

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

51. G 10/82 CC 19 B (5) SF no. 83.387
      D ca. 12 cm; A. Th .05 cm

Fragment of rim and side of jar; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with rounded edge; body curves outward from the rim. Blown.

Fig. 51

Blown Colorless Jars

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

52. G 10/87 Z 21/22 R (2) SF no. 87.63
      D ca. 5 cm; A. Th .1 cm

Fragment of rim and side of small jar; colorless. Whitish weathering. Sharply outsplayed rim with solid, folded rim; sharply flaring shoulder and side. Blown.

Fig. 52

 
No Figure Available

53. G 10/82 BB 22 E (1) SF no. 82.372
      D ca. 5.5cm; A. Th .05 cm

Fifteen joining and non-joining fragments of rim, neck, and shoulder of jar; colorless. Whitish iridescence and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with tubular rim folded upward and inward. Short cylindrical neck; flaring shoulder. Blown.

Blown Colorless Stemmed Beaker

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

54. G 10/89 W 20 L Cun 523 (14)
      Preserved H 11 cm; Max. D body 6 cm; Th .3 cm

Lower body and stemmed base (incomplete) of a large trefoil beaker. Colorless. Whitish weathering, giving the appearance that the beaker is opaque. Thick-walled, conical body, trefoil in section, tapering downward to a solid beaded stem and a flaring base. Blown and tooled.

Fig. 54; Pl. 9

Blown Colorless and Naturally Colored Jugs, Handled Jars, and Flasks

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

55. G 10/88 W 27 N (2)
      D 5.4 cm; A. Th .1 cm

Fragment of rim, neck, and shoulder of large jug; colorless with greenish tinge. Out splayed rim with solid, thickened edge; cylindrical neck, tapering upward; flaring shoulder; upper handle attachment at junction of rim and side. Blown, with numerous elliptical bubbles.

Fig. 55

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

56. G 10/84 CC 22 K (3) SF no. 84.194
      D 4 cm; A. Th .05 cm

Rim, neck, and shoulder of globular oil flask; colorless with distinct greenish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Horizontal tubular rim, folded inward; cylindrical neck; flaring shoulder; ring handle (only one on this flask) attached at the junction of the neck and shoulder. Blown.

Fig. 56; Pl. 10

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

57. G 10/84 CC 22 (9)
      D 4.2 cm; A. Th .05 cm

Rim and neck of flask; pale bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Horizontal tubular rim, folded inward; cylindrical neck. Blown.

Fig. 57

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

58. G 10/80 X 18 B (7) SF no. 80.104
      D 3.5 cm; A. Th .1 cm

Two joining fragments or rim and neck of flask; pale bluish green. Iridescence and pitting. Down-turned rim with the edge folded inward; cylindrical neck, tapering downward. Blown.

Fig. 58

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

59. G 10/89 U 15 North E (3)
      D ca. cm; A. Th .04 cm

Fragment of rim and neck of flask; pale bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Out splayed rim with fire-polished edge; cylindrical neck, expanding outward at its center. Blown.

Fig. 59

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

60. G 10/82 BB 22 B (7) SF no. 83.312    D 5.7 cm; A. Th .1 cm

Fragment of rim and neck of flask; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Sharply outsplayed tubular rim, folded inward; cylindrical neck flaring outward. Blown.

Fig. 60

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

61. G 10/86 X 23 V (15) SF no. 86.67
      D neck 2.8 cm; A. Th .15 cm

Neck (incomplete) and side of flask; natural bluish-green. Black scaly weathering and pitting. Cylindrical neck; flaring shoulder and side. Blown.

Fig. 61

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

62. G 10/84 CC 22 (9)
      Preserved H 13 cm; Max. D rim 2.1 cm; A. Th side .1 cm

Six joining and non-joining fragments of rim, neck, handle, and upper body of a double-bodied flask; natural bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Two joined, uneven, vertical rims with rounded edges; two joined cylindrical necks, tapering upward; flaring shoulder. The body is divided vertically into two chambers by a vertical wall. A two-ribbed hip-handle extended from below the rim and on the shoulder. Blown and tooled, with an applied handle.

Fig. 62; Pl. 11

Blown Colorless Decorated Ribbed Jar or Jug

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Image

63. G 10/89 CC 19 South A (2) SF no. 82.369
      D base ring 5 cm; A. Th .1 cm

Twelve joining and non-joining fragments of lover body and base of a ribbed jar or jug; colorless. Whitish weathering, giving the appearance that the vessel is opaque. Bulbous body, turning inward toward the neck and toward the base; flat, asymmetrical coil applied as a base ring. On the exterior, several raised vertical ribs encircle the vessel. Blown, with applied or pinched ribbing and base ring; pontil scar on the underside of the bottom.

Fig. 63; Pl. 12

 
No Figure Available

64. G 10/82 Z 14 B (2) SF no. 82.398
      Th .1 cm

Fragment of lower side of a ribbed vessel. Colorless. Slight iridescence. Convex curving side. Raised ribbing similar to above. Blown with applied decoration.

Blown Naturally Colored and Colorless Unguentaria

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

65. G 10/81 EE 23 A (2) SF no. 81.164
      H 10 cm; D ca. 2.5 cm; Max. D body 2 cm

Four joining fragments of rim, side, and bottom of tubular ungentarium; natural pale bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Out splayed rim with fire-polished edge; cylindrical neck expanding outward at its center; tall conical body; slightly concave bottom. Blown.

Fig. 65

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

66. G 10/80 BB 9 G (2) SF no. 80.164
      D neck 1.7 cm; Max D body 3 cm

Fragment of neck and body of small, thick-walled unguentarium; natural bluish-green. Slight iridescence and pitting. Cylindrical neck expanding outward at its center; elongated ovoid body. Blown.

Fig. 66

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

67. G 10/86 Z 25 E (3) SF no. 86.37
      D neck 1.3 cm; Max D body 3.8 cm

Fragment of neck, side, and bottom of small unguentarium; natural bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Cylindrical neck; bell-shaped body; slightly concave bottom. Blown.

Fig. 67

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

68. G 10/84 CC 22 (9) SF no. 84.231
      D neck 1.2 cm; Max D body 2.6 cm

Fragment of neck, side, and bottom of small unguentarium. Natural pale bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Tall, cylindrical neck; conical body; slightly concave bottom. Blown.

Fig. 68

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

69. G 10/83 EE 22 C (11) SF no. 83.132
      Max D body ca. 10 cm; A Th .15 cm

Fragment of side and bottom of candlestick unguentarium; natural pale bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Straight side, sloping diagonally downward to a rounded basal angle; concave bottom. Blown.

Fig. 69

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

70. G 10/80 BB 9 F (3) SF no. 80.71
      Max D body ca. 12cm; A Th .15 cm

Fragment of side and bottom of candlestick unguentarium; colorless. Silvery iridescence. Straight side, sloping diagonally downward to a rounded basal angle; concave bottom. Blown.

Fig. 70


Naturally Colored and Colorless Bases and Bottoms

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

71. G 10/82 X 16 A (2) SF no. 82.340
      Max D 8.5 cm; Max Th .5 cm

Fragment of side and bottom of vessel, probably a storage ware; natural bluish-green. Iridescence and pitting. Vestiges of a vertical side; rounded basal angle; slightly concave bottom. Blown.

Fig. 71

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

72. G 10/83 W 21 East P (3)
      Max D 7.5 cm

Fragment of side and bottom of vessel, probably a storage ware; natural bluish-green. Slight iridescence. Convex curving side; slightly concave bottom. Blown.

Fig. 72

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

73. G 10/82 DD 19 East H (4) SF no. 82.205
      Max D ca. 8 cm; Max Th .6 cm

Two joining fragments of side and bottom of vessel; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Straight side, tapering downward; fairly flat bottom, concave at its center. Blown.

Fig. 73

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

74. G 10/87 BB 21-22 E (5) SF no. 87.91
      D base ring 5 cm

Fragments of side and base of beaker or bowl; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Vestiges of a convex curving side; closed cutout base ring, concave on its underside. Blown.

Fig. 74

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

75. G 10/80 BB 12 M (4) SF no. 80.109
      D base ring 4.5 cm

Fragment of side and base of beaker or bowl; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Vestiges of a flaring side; closed cut-out base ring with a slight kick on its underside. Blown.

Fig. 75

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

76. G 10/80 BB 12 M (3) SF no. 80.64
      D base ring 4 cm

Fragment of side and base of beaker or bowl; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Vestiges of a flaring side; closed cutout base ring uneven on its underside. Blown.

Fig. 76

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

77. G 10/92 CC 12 (1)
      D base ring ca. 6 cm

Fragment of side and base of bowl or other vessel; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Almost vertical side; concave bottom, convex on the underside; circular coil applied around the lower side serves as a base ring. Blown, with applied base ring.

Fig. 77

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

78. G 10/92 CC 12 (2)
      D base ring ca. 5.5 cm

Fragment of side and base of bowl or other vessel, almost identical to no. 77; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Almost vertical side; concave botton; circular coil applied around the lower side serves as a base ring. Blown, with applied base ring.

Fig. 78


Special Base Rings with Post/Pontil Marks

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

79. G 10/80 BB 12 C (1) SF no. 80.25
      D base ring ca. 6 cm; A Th bottom .1 cm

Two non-joining fragments of side and base of vessel; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Vestiges of flaring side; convex bottom, with a tall, narrow, closed cutout base ring; on the underside of the bottom, a circular projecting pontil or post scar. Blown.

Fig. 79

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

80. G 10/81 EE 25 A (2) SF no. 81.140
      D base ring 5.5 cm; A Th bottom .1 cm

Fragment of side and base of vessel; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Vestiges of flaring side; convex bottom, with a tall, narrow closed cutout base ring; on the underside of the bottom, a circular projecting pontil or post mark. Blown.

Fig. 80

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

81. G 10/88 BB 15 South A (2) SF no. 88.52
      D base ring 5 cm; A Th bottom .1 cm

Fragment of side and base of vessel; colorless with yellowish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Vestiges of flaring side; convex bottom, with a tall, narrow, closed cutout base ring; on the underside of the bottom, a circular projecting pontil or post scar. Blown.

Fig. 81

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

82. G 10/84 DD 20 (3) SF no. 84.224
      D base ring 4.5 cm

Fragment of side and base of vessel; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Vestiges of flaring side; slightly concave bottom; tall, in-turned closed cutout base ring. Blown.

Fig. 82

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

83. G 10/82 DD 18 East (5) SF no. 82.239
      D base ring 4 cm; A Th side .1 cm

Fragment of side and base of vessel; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Vestiges of flaring side; slightly concave bottom; in-turned, closed cutout base ring. Blown.

Fig. 83

Gaming Pieces or Markers

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

84. G 10/81 BB South E (2) SF no. 81.92
      D 1.5 cm

Convex-plano marker; dark blue. Iridescence and pitting.

Fig. 84

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

85. G 10/84 BB 23 A (3) SF no. 84.1262
      D 1.7 cm

Convex-plano marker; colorless with yellowish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. D 1.7 cm

Fig. 85

 


Mosaic Tesserae

 
No Figure Available

86. Max L 15.5 cm; Max W 7.5 cm

Small fragment of a parietal mosaic with glass tesserae set in plaster. Background composed of semi-opaque forest green tesserae (approximately 1 cm cubes), with curving lines rows on single tessera again stems and leaves?) in opaque yellow and opaque light blue tesserae.

 
No Figure Available

87. Max L 20.5 cm; Max W 19cm

Large fragment of a parietal mosaic. with glass tesserae set in plaster. Background composed of semi-opaque forest green tesserae (.5 to .75 cm cubes). At the center-, a single curving row of opaque yellow tesserae, possibly representing a stem, with two short curving rows of opaque olive green tesserae springing off of it (possible leaves). Two narrow pieces of colorless glass are placed at the point where the olive green tesserae meet the yellow stem. To the right are two single curving rows of pale yellow cubes made from a soft pigment (now partly corroded), again possibly representing leaves.

 

Window Panes

Gypsum plaster window molding, bath complex, with glass panes fragments imbedded in the frame.

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

Glass Vessel Images

88. G 10/82 W 20 N (5) SF no. 82.419 and G 10/83 W 20 H (6) SF no. 83.178
      Side Fragment: L 14. 7 cm; W 4.1 cm; Th 2.5 cm; Corner Fragment: L 6.5 cm;  W 4.2 cm; Th 2.5 cm

Three non-joining fragments of gypsum plaster window frame with trowel formed molding (see profile drawing), preserving one corner and two longer Straight segments. No paint preserved. Embedded in the plaster (as the backing of the frame was applied) is a thin, flat sheet (Th .1 cm) of colorless glass. Glass is embedded 0.7 to 1.2 cm from back of frame.

Remarks: The pane is not made from the thick, bubbly grayish or bluish-green glass usually associated with Roman glazing but from a thin, presumably transparent, colorless glass.

Fig. 88; Pl. 13

All of the following panes are a natural pale green unless otherwise stated.

 

Glass Objects Image

 

89. G 10/82 T 18 A (3) SF no. 82. 56


a. Fragment of rounded corner, preserving two beveled edges, tooling mark at corner on underside. Max L 5.2 cm; Max Th .4 cm

b. Two joining fragments of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 11 cm; Max Th .3 cm

c. Two joining fragments of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 9.8 cm; Max Th .4 cm

d. Two joining fragments of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 6 cm; Max Th .5 cm

e. Three joining fragments of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 11.8 cm; Max Th .5 cm

f. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 7 cm; Max Th .6 cm

Pl. 14

   

90. G 10/88 V 18 A (5)
      Max L 12.5 cm; Max Th .3 cm

Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge.

 

   

91. G 10/80 W 20 N (6) SF no. 83.178
       Max L 6 cm; Max Th .2 cm; Min Th .15 cm

Fragment of thin pane, preserving one beveled edge. Colorless, with grayish tinge.

 

   

92. G 10/80 X 18 (2)

a. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 8.5 cm; Max Th .5 cm
b. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 6.5 cm; Max Th .5 cm
c. Fragment of pane, preserving one uneven beveled edge. Max L 5 cm; Max Th .3 cm

 

   

93. G 10/83 DD 22 N (2) SF no. 82.190
      

a. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 7 cm; Max Th .6 cm
b. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 11 cm; Max Th .5 cm
c. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 6.8 cm; Max Th .5 cm

 


   

94. G 10/82 DD 22 N (2) SF no. 82.190
      

a. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 8.5 cm; Max Th .4 cm
b. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Max L 8.3 cm; Max Th .5 ca.
c. Fragment of pane, preserving one beveled edge. Colorless with grayish tinge. Max L 4.8 cm; Max Th .4 cm

 

GLASS VESSELS AND OBJECTS: SITE 11 VILLA

Dicussion: Typology and Chronology

Virtually no recognizable glass was recovered from the Villa at Site 11, and examples which can be catalogued (6 fragments) are too few to provide much information about the history of the villa. On the other hand, a rim fragment from a cast grooved bowl (No. 1) dates to the late second or early first century B.C. and may have been an imported luxury item or novelty brought to the site. Such bowls are the first class of glassware to gain wide circulation in the Mediterranean area during Hellenistic times. They were manufactured in the Syro-Palestinian region (where several thousand are now known), but are found on select Roman sites in Italy and, to a lesser extent, in the regions of the western Mediterranean.

The rest of the catalogued vessels represent a broad spectrum of cast and blown classes, including a cast, colored fine ware of the first half of the first century A.D.; a cast, colorless bowl with a broad overhanging rim of the early second century AD; and a colorless, blown beaker of the late first or early second century AD

The most unusual object to appear in this catalogue is a handle-fragment in rock crystal. It seems to be from an extraordinarily large carved crystal vase. Vessels in rock crystal belong to the early imperial period.

Catalogue

Cast Grooved Bowl

 

Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

1. G 11/78 K 23 B/L 23 (1)
    D ca. 12 cm; A Th .4 cm

Fragment of conical grooved bowl; colorless with grayish tinge. Iridescence and pitting. Upright rim with rounded edge; straight side, tapering diagonally downward. On the interior, a narrow, horizontal cut groove below the rim. Cast; lathe-polished and cut on the interior and on the top of the rim; fire-polished on the rest of the exterior.

Fig. 1; Pl. 1

 

Cast Translucent Colored Fine Wares

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

2. G 11/79 K17 (1) Surface Cleanup SF no. 79.56
    D uncertain; A Th .5 cm

Fragment of side of vessel; cobalt blue. Slight iridescence and pitting. Side curves downward. On the exterior, a projecting, pyramidal bass framed with a diamond-shaped raised area, cast as part of the vessel. Cast; lathe-polished on the interior; fire-polished on the exterior.

Fig. 2

 

Cast Colorless Fine Wares

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

3. G 11/79 H 16 B/H 17 (2) SF no. 79.38
    D ca. 14 cm; A Th .3 cm

Fragment of rim of bowl; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Sharply outsplayed rim with a rounded, overhanging edge. Cast; lathe-polished on both surfaces.

Fig. 3

 

Bowl with Tubular Base Ring

 
No Figure Available

4. G 11/77 K 18 S (2)
    D base ring ca. 22 cm; A Th .1 cm

Fragment of base ring of large plate or other vessel; colorless. Silvery iridescence and pitting. Closed, double-tubular base ring; vestiges of a fairly flat side and bottom. Blown and tooled.

 

Colorless Beaker

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

5. G 11/79 H 17 B (3) SF no. 79.39
    D ca. 10 cm; A Th .1 cm

Fragment of rim and side of beaker or jar; colorless. Iridescence and pitting. Out splayed rim with an unfinished edge; flaring side. Blown.

Fig. 5

 

Colorless Vessel with Boss

  Via Gabina Glass Objects Figure

6. G 11/79 H 17 B (3) SF no. 79.67
    D base 3.7 cm; A Th .15 cm.

Fragment of side or bottom of vessel; colorless. Whitish weathering and pitting. Slight curve to fragment. On the exterior, a perfectly formed (mold-blown) projecting, circular boss, flat on its top. The boss either was the resting surface at the bottom or one of several similar ornaments on the side. Mold-blown.

Fig. 6

 


All text and images copyright © 2001 by Walter Widrig and Rice University. Last updated December 16, 2004 by erc@rice.edu.